Social Studies Common Exam Review

Democracy

Democracy: Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens

Direct Democracy: All citizens participate in government and there are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything.

Ex: ancient Athens, Greece

Representative Democracy: All citizens participate in government and people elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens.

Ex: The United States of America

Autocracy

Autocracy: A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch or a dictator.

Monarch: Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses, usually get their power through the family bloodline.

Ex: Spain and Japan

Dictatorship: Power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political). Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions.

Ex: North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Il

Oligarchy: Ruled by few. Power can be based on several things: Military, Family Power, and Religious Power.

Theocracy: Ruled by a god or higher power.

Anarchy: No government to make or enforce laws.

Communism: a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.