The Declaration of Independence
The Freedom of the Americans
- drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and June 28, 1776* right to institute new government* the Declaration of Independence is at once the nation's most cherished symbol of liberty and Jefferson's most enduring monument* all men are created equal and have the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness* in exalted and unforgettable phrases, Jefferson expressed the convictions in the minds and hearts of the American people. The political philosophy of the Declaration was not new;its ideals of individual liberty had already been expressed by John Locke and the Continental philosophers. What Jefferson did was to summarize this philosophy in "self-evident truths" and set forth a list of grievances against the King in order to justify before the world the breaking of ties between the colonies and the mother country.Was written by James Madison and signed by
- The leaders of the American army got together and wrote a letter to the King stating that they were fighting to be and independent country and not just a colony of England.
- It states that all men are equal; all men have rights given to them by God, and amongst these rights are life, liberty, and happiness.
- If the government got in the way of these rights, then the people have the right to revolt and overthrow their ruler.
- The people of America have suffered many different laws passed by the English King.
Here are some examples of what the English king did to the American Colonies and some concepts that were mentioned in the Declaration of Independence.
- The English King doesn’t sign the laws even when the Americans pass them, so they aren’t valid.
- He forced men to give up their free will to make laws.
- He won’t let new settlers come to America and won’t let the American Colony to take over land from the Native Americans.
- He allows soldiers to break the laws and not follow them.
- He only allows the American Colonials to buy products from England.
- The king makes the American Colonials pay for taxes without their consent.
- He makes people accused of crimes spend money to go to England to have their trials.
- He doesn't allow the Americans to have a jury only a judge.
- The Declaration of Independence withheld multiple ideas about the rights that people should have.
- The writers of the Declaration were rich Americans and didn’t specify whether the rights were also applicable to the poor, to women, or to the Native Americans.
-Representatives of these groups wanted to be included but in 1776 only rich white Christian men signed it.