a. Linda Brown filed a case against the school board because her child was not allowed into one of the white schools so Linda claimed it as racial segregation which was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause, b. Linda Brown and the Topeka, Kansas school board, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it got racial equality in all the schools.
a.Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person which led to her arrest and since the blacks were a majority of the riders on the bus the bus business lost a lot of business when the boycott started because of the segregation laws, b. Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr. , and other other black activists, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it made it so that African Americans were treated the same as whites and didn't have to move to the back and stand so that the whites could sit and feel on top of the world.
a. Nine black students were enrolled in an all white high school in Little Rock, Arkansas. This was caused from the Brown v. Board of Education case, b. Minnijean Brown, Terrance Roberts, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Jefferson Thomas, and Carlotta Walls, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it led to racial equality in the school system even though these nine students suffered a lot while attending this school.
a. Four college students sat down at the counter in Woolworth’s in Greensboro, North Carolina. They asked for service and were refused and asked to leave but they remained seated, b. Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin E. McCain, Joseph A. McNeil, and David L. Richmond, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it led to each individual being served equally in any situation and these four were willing to do whatever it took to get equal rights in every building and situation.
a. Apart of the freedom rides, these civil rights activists were recruited by CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and they attempted to go into the deep south to use the opposites bathrooms and water fountains and other things the African Americans would attempt to use the whites and the whites would attempt to use the African Americans, b. Group of civil rights activists both white and African American, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it showed that African Americans and whites are the same people just a different skin color and deserve the same rights that everyone else deserves to feel more human.
a. James Meredith attempted to enroll at Ole Miss but riots soon broke out and resulted in two dead and led to his integration, b. James Meredith, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it shows how education at the college level has changed with acceptance of equal rights but this incident shows how severe they took being an African American and wanting an education was and how highly unacceptable it was if you were not white.
a. 200,000 Americans gathered in D.C for a political rally. This march became a key point in civil rights and Martin Luther King Jr.’s speech was given at this rally, b. Martin Luther King Jr. and other African- American protesters, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because when Martin gave his speech it really started to form equality for all even though it led to more issues with the movement, in the end it helped to benefit the cause.
a. After the King’s speech someone had dropped a bomb in front of the church and it had later gone off killing the four girls. Was the third bombing in eleven days, b. Addie Mae Collins, Carole Robertson, Cynthia Wesley, and Denise McNair c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it led to showing how many people did not care for equal rights and what can happen after big movements happen. It also shows how a community can come together in bad cases and help each other out to make things better.
a. Medgar was outside his home and got shot for being a civil rights activist and protesting and crossing over the bridge. Also for trying to change the view of equal rights, b. Medgar Evers and Byron De La Beckwith, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it led to more people wanting to protest including white people and that led to more activists to help gain more freedom for African Americans and they eventually got more rights because of all the activists that got inspired from Medgar.
a. Three civil rights workers were killed by the Ku Klux Klan in Meridian, Mississippi while working on registering blacks to vote, b. Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney, and the KKK members, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it led to more movements and helped with the overall product of equal rights.
a. Martin Luther King Jr. led demonstrators to the steps of the capitol from Selma to have voting rights because only two percent of the African American population were registered to vote in Selma, b. Martin Luther King Jr., SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference), and Jimmie Lee Jackson, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because it led to equal voting rights without a test that was designed to make it so that African Americans can't vote.
a. Martin was shot and killed at Lorraine motel in Memphis, TN. His death shocked many, b. Martin Luther King Jr. and James Earl Ray, c. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because his death led to people realizing how important this movement is and how it can help in the future.