What was the Holocaust?

The Holocaust was the state-sponsored, systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborators, between 1933 to 1945.

The Swastika History

The Swastika has a very long history longer then most people might think. It was used at least 5,000 years before Hitler even used it. In the beginning of the 20th century the swastika was widely used in Europe.The Nazi party was not the only party to use the Swastika.The Swastika became Hitlers most recognizable icon.It was put on almost anything from election posters, to medallions, to military badges. Despite how many other people had used the Swastika it became widely associated with Hitler.

The Night of Broken Glass

The Kristallnacht took place on November 9 and 10, 1938. Kristallnacht refers  to the to the wave of violence anti-Jew pogroms that took place on those 2 days throughout Germany. German troops annexed Austria and in parts of Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia where now occupied by German troops. Kristallnacht refers to all the shards of glass that lined German streets. The windows of a bunch of Jewish houses, business,and synagogues were destroyed in just 2 days. After all this happened German officials said this all had happened because of a spontaneous outburst of public emotion of the assassination of Ernst vom Rath a German official. Herschel Grynszpan ( a 17 year old Polish Jew) had fired the shots that killed him. Herschel Grynszpan  died two days later which just happened to coincide with the anniversary of the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch, an important date in the National Socialist calendar. Joseph Goebbels, one of the Chief instigators had conspired that decided the Jews planned this assassination and he then said this,"the Fuhrer has decided that … demonstrations should not be prepared or organized by the Party, but insofar as they erupt spontaneously, they are not to be hampered."  Goebbels words were taken seriously and given as commands to the local officials and that's when the Kristallnacht started. Violence erupted in the late evening of November 9 and continued into the early morning of November 10. The rioters destroyed 267 synagogues throughout Germany, Austria, and the Sudetenland. Many of the synagogues were burned throughout the night. SA and Hitler youth shattered the shop windows of an estimates 7,500 Jewish-owned businesses. Jewish cemeteries also became a target to destroy in many regions. Mobs of SA men roamed the streets , attacking Jews in there homes and forcing them out and made them publicly humiliate themselves.The Kristallnacht marked when Nazi Germany started to really capture and round up Jews on a massive scale and put them in jails or concentration camps. Many die in the camps due to brutal conditions. Kristallnacht was a major turning point in Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.

Influencing the Youth

From the 1920s onward Hitler and the Nazi party targeted the German Youth. They targeted the youth with certain propaganda messages. After a couple of years many of the kids had been won over to Nazism through extra activities and in the classrooms. In January of 1933 there had been an estimated about 50,000 Hitler Youth by the end of the year 2 million. It finally became mandatory in 1939 to join Hitler Youth. In Hitler Youth and in the Classroom they aimed to teach that they should be race-conscious, obedient, self-sacrificing Germans who would be willing to die for there country. Devotion to Hitler was also a key component to Hitler Youth. Young Germans would celebrate Hitlers birthday on April 20 as a National Holiday. All German adolescents swore there allegiance to Hitler. A lot of things were used as propaganda's to convert the kids to Nazism. The Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls is what the Nazis used to convert little boys and girls. When reaching age 18 boys were required to enlist immediately in the armed forces.

Work Cited

"History of the Swastika." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 20 June 2014. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.

"Indoctrinating Youth." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 20 June 2014. Web. 18 Jan. 2015.

"Kristallnacht: A Nationwide Pogrom, November 9–10, 1938." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 20 June 2014. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.

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