A volcano is a hole in the earth. Magma comes through a tube called a vent with Gas, smoke, ash, and dark clouds rise from there too. Magma is raging, steaming hot rock. Melted rock in the earth rises because it gets way too hot then it gets so hot it boils to the top and the volcano erupts .
Effects of Volcanos Erupting
There are many things that an eruption can cause. Volcanoes can form islands. Volcanoes could form islands from the cooled off rock. Volcano lava could start fires. It could tumble villages from running through it. Smoke can hurt your lungs and hurt you. Smoke rises so high that it can cover the sun. Volcanoes ashes help farmers soil and help their crops grow.
Where most volcanoes are?
Most volcanoes are in the ring of fire. They are also under the sea.
A Volcano Erupting
The hollow top is called a crater. Lava runs down the mountain and cools down and turns into igneous rock. Some volcanoes are not active, some are active. If they are not active some people call them dormant.
Did you know that one of the largest volcanoes is on Mars? The last time it erupted was 200 million years ago.
Mount St. Helen’s erupted, busted open, and blew off it’s top in 1980 in just 51 seconds.