Logan Fredekind


Waxing:Takes place between a new and full moon,a larger portion of the moon is lit up so it appears larger.

Waning:Less of the moon is lit up so the moon appears smaller.

Gibbous:When the lit up part of the moon is greater than a semicircle and less than a full circle.

Crescent:The curved shape in a waxing or waning moon

Lunar cycle:When the new and full moons return to the same days of the year,one lunar cycle is 29.53059 days.

Patterns in Waxing and Waning Moons


Waxing moons come right after a new moon and right before a full moon.  Waning moons come right after a full moon and immediately before a new moon.

Nicolai Copernicus:He proposed that the Earth wasn't the center of the solar system but, that the sun was.

Seasons:We have seasons because the earth is tilted on a axis so the different hemispheres get different amount of sunlight throughout the year.

Winter:Even though the sun is closer to the earth in winter the northern hemisphere isn't warmer because it is not being hit as much by the sun as the southern hemisphere because the earth is tilted and the southern hemisphere is getting the most sunlight.

Lunar Eclipses:Since the moon and the Earth are both tilted their shadows don't line up every month.

Day and Night:The earth is always spinning and when one side spins enough that the sun doesn't hit it, it becomes dark and we have night.  If the sun is facing that side it is light and we have day.

Equinox:When day and night are the same length and the sun crosses the celestial equator.

Solstice:Two times in the year, winter and summer when the sun reaches its lowest or highest point at noon.


Alfred Wegener:He was a meteorologist, astronomer and a geophysicist that came up with the idea of continental drift.

Convergent:The process of coming together.

Divergent:To be different or develop in different directions.

Transform Boundaries:A fault thats motion is horizontal.

Juan De Fuca:The tectonic plate off the coast of Washington and Oregon.

Cascades:They were formed by the subduction of the Juan De Fuca fault because when the Juan De Fuca subducted it pushed land up to form the Cascades.

Plate Tectonics:The plates are moving because convection currents in the mantle move the plates.

Rift Zone:Cracks near volcanoes that allow lava to come out of the ground instead of its summit.

Subduction Zone:The largest area of plate tectonics.

Channeled Scablands:Were believed to formed by the Missoula floods during the Ice Age.


Sedimentary:A rock formed from sediment deposited by water or air.       Limestone

Metamorphic:A rock that has undergone transformation through extreme heat, pressure or other natural causes.                              Schist

Igneous:A rock that has solidified from lava or magma.                      Granite

Stratification:The layering in rocks that mostly occur in Sedimentary rocks and Igneous rocks formed at the Earth's surface.

Rock aging:You can find the age of a rock by counting the layers because the first year the sediment builds up.  Then the second year more sediment adds on and the layers can be visibly seen.

The older rock layers could be on top if a crack was created on the ocean floor then the rock fell into it and landed upside down or diagonally.

The shape of coral depends on the species of coral building it.

Humans have changed the land through deforestation and dumping oil in the ocean.

Beavers have changed the land by building dams that create lakes.


Cell:The smallest structural form of an organism.

A plant cell is an eukaryotic cell that has a cell wall.

An animal cell is an eukaryotic cell without a cell wall.

An animal cell does not have a cell wall because the cells attach onto a skeleton to give it support.  A plant cell has a cell wall because a plant does not have skeleton that it can use for support.

A muscle cell is used to create movement and maintain shape.

A nerve cell is used to send messages to the brain.

A bone cell is used to create a skeleton.

The organs work together to complete a task.

The Digestive system is used to break down our food.

The Circulatory system is used to transport materials throughout the body.

The Respiratory System is used for animals to breathe.

The Digestive system breaks down food which is then transported throughout the body and is used as fuel for the Respiratory system to function.

The Paramecium is similar to other organisms because it needs fuel to survive.


1. GG, Gg and gg

2. There are three chances of getting a Green flower and one chance of getting a yellow flower.

3. There are two homozygous outcomes.

4.There are two heterozygous outcomes.

5. During sexual reproduction the offspring takes in characteristics of both parents but during asexual reproduction the offspring is a clone so its is the same as the one parent.

6. Adaption:An inherited behavior or physical characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce in its environment.

7. Evolution:Change over time; the process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms.

8. Species:A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and reproduce.

9. Gene:A sequence of DNA that determines a trait and is passed from parent to offspring.

10. Genetic:The scientific study of heredity.

11. Sexual Reproduction:reproduction involving the fusion of a male and female haploid gamete.

12. Asexual Reproduction:reproduction, as budding, fission, or spore formation, not involving the union of gametes.

14. So the population does not constantly increase or decrease.


Tropical rainforest ecosystems need lots of rain and sunlight is hard to get.

Temperate forest ecosytems have cold winters, warm summers and contain lots of trees.

Grassland ecosystems contain vast clear spaces that are usually occuped by grazing animals.

Desert ecosystems are very dry and contain little wild life.

Stillwater ecosystems are found in slow moving waters and contain floating plants and small insects.


decomposer:The decomposer was breaking down that dead and rotting rabit.

consumer:That shark was eating the surfers legs.

ecosystem:That ecosystem contained many different organisms that were contained.

producer:The sunflower created its own food.

food chain:The food chain contained a fox that ate the rabbit which ate the berries.

biotic:Biotic results from living things.

abiotic: Abiotic does not result from living things.

adaption: When the owl changed to its enviroment it was adapting.

When the pelican ate the fish it was caused by a living thing.

When the sun beamed down on the reeds which helped it grow it was not caused by an living thing.

Energy enters the food chain by the sun.

The arrows represents where the other plant or animals energy is going.

The food it it ate would rapidly grow and what it was eaten by would not have a food supply.

Wetlands filter runoff which improves water quality.

Wetlands trap and slowly release water which prevents flooding.

Wetlands slow down waves which stops the shore from eroding.

Wetlands animals with a food source, water and plants with lots of water and sunlight.

Wetlands offer the economy fish, berries, ingrediants for medicines and timber.

I am still with you.  

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