The Trojan War

1260-1240 BC
Ethan Saber, Kevin Thomas

The Trojan War was an ancient that originated from a quarrel between the greek gods Hera, Aphrodite, and Athena, over who was the fairest during the marriage of Peleus and Thetis.

Birth of Helen

Helen, who was born to Zeus and Leda, was widely known as the most beautiful woman in the world.  She had many suitors, with which her mortal father Tyndareus had a hard time choosing, in fear of being attacked.  Odysseus, in exchange for Tyndareus' support of his own suit towards Penelope, suggested to Tyndareus that any man who wishes to marry Helen must give an oath stating that they will defend the marriage.  Menelaus eventually married Helen.

Judgment of Paris

Three goddesses, Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite had an argument over who was fairest, during the wedding of Thetis and Peleus. They argued because Eris, the goddess of strife, threw an apple that said, "For the Fairest".  Zeus decided that they would be judged before Paris, the Prince of Troy. All three goddesses offered rewards in exchange for being chosen. Paris chose Aphrodite as the fairest, as she offered him the most beautiful woman in the world as his wife.  The problem was Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world, was already married so Paris persuaded Helen to come back with him to Troy, abandoning her husband. This would lead to the Trojan War.

The War

The first nine years of the war consisted of war all around Troy, and the Greeks realized that Troy's neighboring countries were supplying them with goods.  When the Greeks found this out, they attacked the neighboring countries and soon defeated them.  For most of these nine years, the war was in a deadlock, and not too much progress was made. That is until Agamemnon took Achilles's lover because he had to give his back to the Trojans, in order to save the army from Apollo. Achilles was furious and refused to fight anymore, tipping the scales in favor of the Trojans. Patroclus, a dear friend of Achilles, stole his armor and posed as Achilles. Patroclus fought Hector and died. Enraged, Achilles took up arms and slayed Hector. Achilles would later die to a stray arrow piercing his heel, shot by none other than Paris of Troy.

The Trojan Horse

Seeking entrance into Troy, clever Odysseus ordered for a wooden horse to be built.  His plan was to gather a bunch of Greek soldiers into this horse, and then drag it into the walls of Troy.  The Trojans took the horse as a sign of surrender, and celebrated throughout the night, as they thought they were victorious.  During the middle of the night all the Greek soldiers ran out from inside the horse and slaughtered the Trojans. The Greeks did many unspeakable things to the Trojans during these few days and the gods rightly punished them, but nonetheless, the Greeks had achieved victory.

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