Nelson Mandela



July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013 (aged 95)


Nelson Mandela was born on July 18th, 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Umtatu which was then apart of South Africa’s Cape Providence. Mandela’s first, real name was Rolihlahla meaning troublemaker. He got the name Nelson from one of his English schoolteachers who had to convert African names into English names.


Mandela's parents were named Nosekeni Fanny and Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa.


Nelson Mandela had five children with his wife, Graca Machel. Their names were Makaziwe Mandela, Zenani Mandela, Makgatho Mandela, Madiba Thembekile Mandela, and Zindziswa Mandela.


Mandela attended the University of South Africa in 1942, the University of the Witwatersrand from1943 to 1949, the University of South Africa again in 1989, the University of Fort Hare from 1939 to 1940, the Healdtown Comprehensive School from 1937 to 1939, and the University of London International Programs


Mandela attended the Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand, where he studied law. When he lived in Johannesburg, he became involved in anti-colonial politics. He soon became the founder of the ANC’s Youth League. He also served as the President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997.


When Mandela was working as a lawyer, he was constantly arrested for rebellious activities and along with the ANC leadership he was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961. Despite the fact of all his arrests, Mandela was still a phenomenal, courageous leader.

Adversity and Perseverance

Mandela committed to a non-violent approach for achieving his goals, similar to Martin Luther King Jr. In 1962 Nelson Mandela was arrested again. He was convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the state, and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial. After 27 years of prison, F. W. de Klerk, the president of South Africa at the time, decide to free Mandela.

Later Goals in Life

After Mandela was released from prison he set out to rid racial tensions in the world and became the president of South Africa for only one term because he wanted others to have the opportunity to rule South Africa. After his term, he focused on the education of others and the peace among his country. After he retired from public life he continued to be known throughout the world as one of the greatest leaders and promoters of equality among men.


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