Element Project by Will Magor

Atomic Structure:

  • Titanium is a chemical element in the periodic table. It's symbol is Ti. The atomic number is 22. The density of Titanium is 4.506 glcm−3.
  • Melting Point: 1668 °C
  • Boiling Point: 3287 °C
  • Electron Configuration: 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^6 4s^2 3d^2
  • Atomic Radius: 147 pm
  • Ionic Radius: 69 (+40) pm
  • Ionization Energy: 658 kJ mol-1
  • Ions: Titanium (IV) or TI^+4     Charge of 4                                                                          Titanium (III) or TI^ +3     Charge of 3
  • State: Transition Metal
  • Electronegativity: 1.54

History of Element

  • Discovered by William Gregor
  • He had found black sand in a river that was also magnetic.
  • 1791
  • Cornwall, Great Britain
  • By reacting with iodine and decomposing the formed vapors over a hot filament to pure metal.

Uses of Titanium

  • Titanium began to be used extensively for military aviation purposes, particularly in high-performance jets.
  • Titanium reacts with fluorine, F2, chlorine, Cl2, bromine, I2, and iodine, I2, Titanium dioxide, TiO2 and titanium nitride, TiN

Interesting Facts

  • It is the ninth-most abundant element in the Earth's crust (0.63% by mass) and the seventh-most abundant metal.
  • It is present in most igneous rocks and in sediments derived from them (as well as in living things and natural bodies of water)
  • $1.625 per mg

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