Element Project by Will Magor
- Titanium is a chemical element in the periodic table. It's symbol is Ti. The atomic number is 22. The density of Titanium is 4.506 glcm−3.
- Melting Point: 1668 °C
- Boiling Point: 3287 °C
- Electron Configuration: 1s^2 2s^2 2p^6 3s^2 3p^6 4s^2 3d^2
- Atomic Radius: 147 pm
- Ionic Radius: 69 (+40) pm
- Ionization Energy: 658 kJ mol-1
- Ions: Titanium (IV) or TI^+4 Charge of 4 Titanium (III) or TI^ +3 Charge of 3
- State: Transition Metal
- Electronegativity: 1.54
History of Element
- Discovered by William Gregor
- He had found black sand in a river that was also magnetic.
- Cornwall, Great Britain
- By reacting with iodine and decomposing the formed vapors over a hot filament to pure metal.
Uses of Titanium
- Titanium began to be used extensively for military aviation purposes, particularly in high-performance jets.
- Titanium reacts with fluorine, F2, chlorine, Cl2, bromine, I2, and iodine, I2, Titanium dioxide, TiO2 and titanium nitride, TiN
- It is the ninth-most abundant element in the Earth's crust (0.63% by mass) and the seventh-most abundant metal.
- It is present in most igneous rocks and in sediments derived from them (as well as in living things and natural bodies of water)
- $1.625 per mg