#trevizonotecards1stperiod

Former Gangstas can be anti-violence ministers

Source:
Walter, Shoshona. "Gangsta Rappers Can Be Effective Violence Prevention Messengers." The Bay Citizen Feb. 2012: n. pag. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&u=j071909010&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE|EJ3010870222>.

Quote:

"One of our strategies is the use of unlikely messengers," said Nicole Lee, executive director of the Urban Peace Movement, a violence-prevention organization.

"It's predictable that I'm going to tell them to stop the violence," she said. "But I haven't lived the life that Philthy Rich has."

Paraphrase:

Rapper Philthy Rich has lived a life of violence in the past, and turned himself around from it to preach anti-violence.

My Ideas:

If someone who has lived a life of violence in the past is using hip-hop as a medium to prevent violence, can hip-hop really be characterized as a negative, violent force?

History:
Created: 04/22/15 09:22 AM

Hip-Hop and Violence

Source:
Copley, Jennifer. "Violent Rap Lyrics Do Not Affect Listener Behaviour or Attitudes." Rap and Hip-Hop 2013: n. pag. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ3010870221&source=Bookmark&u=j071909010&jsid=3b85f663f06e2454c5be80b547547c04>.

URL:
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&u=j071909010&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE|EJ3010870221

Quote:

Although research has found a correlation between preference for heavy metal or rap music and behavioral problems, drug or alcohol use, arrests and sexual promiscuity, these behavioral problems usually begin before students begin listening to rap or heavy metal, which indicates that the music does not cause behavioral problems or addiction

Paraphrase:

Violence-prone people are more likely to listen to Hip-hop, but Hip-hop does not cause violence.

My Ideas:

Despite what people think, Hip-hop isn't the cause of violent acts. More accurately, people who are at-risk to commit violent acts are more likely to develop a taste for hip-hop and heavy metal. While this is an interesting statistic, it's not encriminating of Hip-hop in any way.

History:
Created: 04/22/15 09:08 AM

Hip-hop can lead people away from violence

Source:
Walter, Shoshona. "Gangsta Rappers Can Be Effective Violence Prevention Messengers." The Bay Citizen Feb. 2012: n. pag. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&u=j071909010&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE|EJ3010870222>.

URL:
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&u=j071909010&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE|EJ3010870222

Quote:

Some 60 to 70 percent of the young people hired by Youth Uprising, an East Oakland nonprofit group, have criminal records, said Olis Simmons, the group's executive director.

That high proportion is "not coincidental," Simmons said. "I go after them. Hell, somebody's got to hire them. If you can turn them around, you turn the neighborhood around."

Paraphrase:

The Hip-hop movement is not all about violence; it does as much to help the community as some think it does to hurt it.

My Ideas:

The Hip-hop community is a great source of employment for at-risk youth within the poorest neighborhoods of the country.

History:
Created: 04/22/15 09:19 AM

Racial Bias

Source:
Copley, Jennifer. "Violent Rap Lyrics Do Not Affect Listener Behaviour or Attitudes." Rap and Hip-Hop 2013: n. pag. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ3010870221&source=Bookmark&u=j071909010&jsid=3b85f663f06e2454c5be80b547547c04>.

URL:
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ3010870221&source=Bookmark&u=j071909010&jsid=3b85f663f06e2454c5be80b547547c04

Quote:

Some research suggests that people may ascribe negative effects to rap due to subconscious racism. Subjects who were given a violent lyrical passage were more inclined to rate it as dangerous or offensive if they believed it came from a rap song than if they were told that it originated from a country music song.

Paraphrase:

Some people have a subconsious aversion to Hip-hop based on their perception of the genre as a whole.

My Ideas:

People who may not know anything about the actual history and stories behind Hip-hop, may decide that they don't like the message it conveys without adequate listening time.

History:
Created: 04/22/15 09:14 AM

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