Exercise Improves Brain Function
The new study found that young women who exercise regularly had higher oxygen availability in the frontal lobe of the brain and preformed well on difficult cognitive tasks compared to counterparts that exercised less.
The team enrolled 50 healthy female students aged 18-30 and asked them to complete a number of cognitive tasks while they measured there oxygen availability.
The researchers used near-infrared spectroscopy to measure the participants' brain oxygen supply as they performed the computer tests. When a specific area of the brain is active, there is a rapid change in the local blood supply that NIRS detects by measuring changes in hemoglobin concentration.