What was the Holocaust

The Holocaust was the mass murder of six million jews and millions of other people leading up to, and during Word WarII. The killings took place in Europe from 1933- 1945. It was organized by a German Nazi party which was led by Adolf Hitler. The largest group of people killed were the Jewish people though. Most victims were killed because they belonged to a certain racial or religious group that the genocides did not like or want. A genocide is the deliberate killing of a large group of people especially those who belong to a particular ethnic group or nation.

The Build- UP

For years Jews were discriminated against as Hitler and Nazis came to power. Hitler and other Nazi leaders viewed the Jews was a "poisonous race" and they lived off of other races. Jews were forbidden from doing most things like having their citizenship.

The Nuremberg Laws were anti-jewish statues enacted by Germany on September 15,1935. These laws were deprived German Jews form their rights and freedoms. They also permitted Jews to marry or have sexual relationship.

For Years Jews have been discriminated against. Many Jews were arrested and forced for labor. The Nazis harassed the Jews and made it impossible for them to earn a living. The Jews were sent to ghettos, enslaved, and killed. Jews were prohibited to do many things.

Khristallnacht is also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass.This night in Germany was whiner thousands of Jews were subject to terror and violence by the Nazis. Jewish Synagogues and businesses were destroyed. About 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and taken to concentration camp.

Labor Camps

Auschwhitz  was the largest concentration camp and it was located in Poland. Bergen-Belsen is another concentration camp which was located near the villages of Bergen and Belsen in Germany. Button walk was another big concentration camp that is located in Weimar Germany. Labor camps were the reason for epidemics and contagious diseases. The living conditions were awful with no sanitary there was an awful smell and poor living conditions. They would be swarmed with various sorts of vermin and rats. The would be starved and constantly beat which made the death rate at a very high peak.The work that they had to do was very tiring and it was used to destroy them. They would have to make new blocks and buildings, drain ditches, and lay roads.

Methods of Mass Murder

The Nazis began using mass shooting and gassing trucks too take out Jews and other undesirable groups. They would put jews inside, seal the truck, and exhaust the gas into the truck where they were. Extermination camps were also used, this was the most effective method. By forcing jews into gas chambers and gassing them to death. The Jews, gypsies, and other undesirables were killed and the Nazis were saved. Concentration camp prisoners were often used for scientific experiments. Scientist tested compounds and sera for the prevention and treatment for different contagious diseases such as malaria, typhus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, yellow fever, and infectious hepatitis.

Death Toll

Between 5 and 6 million Jews, more then 3 million soviet union prospers of war, more than 2 million soviet civilians, more than 1 million Polish Civilians, More than 1million Yugoslav civilians.About 70,000 men, women and children with mental and physical handicaps and more than 200,000 gipsies.

Rwanda Genocide

In  April and mid-July,  between 500,00 and a million Rwandans, were killed in Rwanda. It was killing at a devastating level and speed. The Rwanda genocide resulted from the conscious choice of the elite to promote hatred and fear to keep its power. The genocide was sparked by the death of the Rwandan president, when his plane was shot down.

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