Latin American Revolution

By: Caeden Horak, Clayton Jones, Casey Landefeld, Travis Thompson

What was the Latin American Revolution?

The Latin American revolution was a rebellion during the 18th century which included many different battles and conflicts that eventually led to the over throw of the Spanish power in Latin America which gained them their independence.

Simon Bolivar

Simon Bolivar was born on July 24, 1783 in Caracas, Venezuela. His parents died when he was young and he inherited their fortune. Bolivar toured Europe and throughout parts of South America. After seeing what the Spanish forces were doing to his home country and the countries around him in south america he set out to liberate Venezuela and the other Latin american countries.  Bolivar fought Spanish forces and won independence for Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela during the years of 1810-1824. After he won the battle Ayacucho in Peru, the last of the Spanish power had been vanquished and Latin america was independent. Because of his acts of valor he had a country named after him, Bolivia, and earned the name "El Libertador" which is Spanish for the The Liberator. Simon Bolivar is considered to be one of the greatest south american generals in history and was the key player in Spanish power in south america and the reason they became independent.   

What he did and What it meant

After Simon Bolivar secured independence for Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, he moved on to Bolivia. Bolivar's men made it to modern day Bolivia and on December 9, 1824 his forces under the command of Antonio Jose de Sucre defeated the royalist army in the Battle of Ayacucho. The only thing that was in the way of Independence from Spain was General Olañeta who had refused to join the rebel forces or join with the viceroy of Peru and recognize the Spanish Constitution of 1812. On April 9, 1825 Olañeta and Jose de Sucre began to negotiate on the battle field. Olañeta's men realized that defeat was inevitable decided to kill Olanñeta and surrender to Sucre. On August 6, 1825 a congress was brought together to form a new democratic government and name the country Bolivia in honor of Simon Bolivar. Simon Bolivar continued to guide the country in the ways of a democracy and was succeeded by Jose de Sucre as president. Bolivia was Spain's last colony in South America and the lose of it ended all Spanish rule in South America. The rise of Bolivia also helped spread and strengthen the ideals of democracy and a truly free nation.

Lets see what you have learned!


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