Causes of WWI
There were four M.A.I.N. causes of WWI: militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism. Militarism is where every country is getting their troops ready. This causes tension and causes others to build armies as well for "protection". Alliances with certain countires make other counties who were not included feel jealous and alos causes tensioms between countries. Imperialism is the act of bigger countires trying to conquer and take advantage of smaller countries to gain land and become powerful nations. This obviously involves war because counties aren't just going to want to give up their independence. Lastly, nationalism is a sense of pride people have for their country. People would do anti gto sho that their country is the best and the better one. They wanna show off what their country can accomplish.
Germany thought they could go to France first and defeat them because France was the biggest threat. In order to surprise Frane, Germany goes through Belgium—a neutral country in the war meaning France would have never guessed that Germany would come from there. Then, after beating France, Germany thought they would be able to make it to the east and battle Russia. They thought they would have enough to time because Russia had not industrialized and that it would take Russia 6 months to get to Germany. However, their plan did not work because France and the entente took Germany by surprise. Germany did not get the quick defeat that they had anticipated. Now Germany had to split their troops. Half in France and half in the east fighting Russia.
Germany won the first battle agaisnt France because they had the element of surprise. But as soon as France know Germany was in their home, France began to dominate. France was ready at battle of the Marne, so Germany lost which wasn't part of the Schlieffen plan. In addition, It only took Russia 10 days to get to Germany. Now Germany had to fight in two fronts.
Battle of The Marne River
The Battle of the Marne River was in 1914 and lasted from September 6th to the 12th 1914. This battle was an offensive during World War I by the French army and the British Force against the advancing Germans who had invaded Belgium and northeastern France and were within 30 miles (48 km) of Paris. France and the British defeated the Germans.
Battle of the Somme
The Battle of the Somme was fought by the Bristish near the Somme River in France between July 1 and November 1, 1918. This battle was one of the largest battles of WW1 and also one of the bloodiest military battles in history. On the first day, the British suffered more than 57,000 casualties, and by the end of the campaign the Allies and Central Powers would lose more than 1.5 million men.
Battle of Verdun
At the The Battle of Verdun, the French attack on the German lines. This battle is one of the greatest in WWI history, lasting from 21 February 1916 until 19 December 1916. It caused over an estimated 700,000 casualties. France defeated Germany.
Trench Warfare is warfare in which opposing armed forces attack, counterattack, and defend from permanent systems of trenches dug into the ground. A trench hole begins as little as foxholes and then becomes deeper so that a soldier can stand in it and be safe from opposing artillery. This from of war usually ended in stalemates because it was hard to gain land and when armies did gain land, it was very little land. Trench warfare was mainly fought in the western front.
Treaty of Brest-Litvosk
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk took Russia out of the WW1. It was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, between the new Bolshevik government of Russia (the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey).
Total war involves the governments, economies and populations of participating nations to an extent never seen before in history. It is essentially going to war with everyone single person that is your enemy, not just the military. This is where we see conscriptions which were used to get everybody fighting. Also, women start taking men's jobs in factories and just having jobs other then domestic jobs. Also, an example of total war is the U-boats that Germany used to sink innocent US ships—unrestricted warfare.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles included the U.S., Great Britain, France, and Italy and it ended the state war between Germany and the allies. This is where Woodrow Wilsons 14 points come up. He says that their should be a league of nations to have each others' backs to never end up in another world war. He also wanted disarmament of military so that people wouldn't feel threatened and also wanted to give freedom where it was due so that colonies do not rebel and start revolutions. Italy and the U.S. leave the treat of Versailles because Italy did not get what they wanted and the U.S. didn't play as big of part in WWI as the other countries. People feel that the U.S. has no right to have a say in what happens since they just recently joined. France and Britain blame the war in Germnay and make them pay for all the damages since most of WWI was fought on France's land.
Unrestricted Submarine Warefare
Germany is most famously known for unrestricted submarine warfares. They used their U-boats to shoot down any ships they think are a harm or a threat. However, Germnay ends up killing many U.S. civilians on ships that were technically carrying ammunition, but was really not a threat. The U.S. does not like this and is one of the main reasons they join WWI.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
On June 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary's Archduke Franz Ferdinand was shot and killed by Gavrilo Princip while trying to flee from Bosnia after a previously failed assassination during his parade earlier. Archduke Franz Ferdinand merely saw his visit to Bosnia as a friendly way to showcase his and his wife's wedding anniversary; however, others, such as Gavrilo Princip, thought differently. The Archduke's wedding anniversary happened to be the day the Serbian Kingdom was conquered by the Turks at the Battle of Amselfelde in 1381, and also the day on which in the second Balkan War the Serbian arms took revenge in the Turk for the years of enslavement. Still, with enraged Serbs, the Archduke decided to make an appearance in Serbia on this day. Many Serbians felt the Archduke was making a mockery of their people, so the Black Hand, an extremist group of Serbians (which Gavrilo Princip was apart of), planned to assassinate the Archduke, in which they were successful. Now that the Archduke has been assassinated, Austria-Hungary is out for vengeance. Austria gave the Serbians a written document of demands for Serbia to follow. In addition, the people of Austria-Hungary demanded to enter Serbia so find out more on the Black Hand, the organization responsible for the death of the Archduke. As one may assume, the Serbians did not agree to Austria-Hungary's demands. This lead to tension between Serbia and Austria Hungary, which lead to the involvement of other great powers such as Russia and Germany in case of a likely war.
Propoganda was used to censor the truths of the tradegies that were actually happening in WWI in order to keep people motivated to fight the war. If people did know the truth, they would not want to fight a war anymore because of how bad it is. The government censors things anyway because they want people to keep wanting to fight the war. However, this can also flip on the government because if the people find out that they have been kids to by the government, the people will most definitely lose trust in their government.