The Ghana Empire
The Ghana Empire was located in nowadays southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. And the actual name of the Empire was Wagadugu. Ghana was the title of the kings who ruled the kingdom.
Before 1957 Ghana was called the Gold Coast, and the kingdom was so rich that its dogs wore golden collars and its horses were adorned with silk rope halters. The foreigners touted Ghana's kings as the richest men in the world.
The reason why Ghana could achieve such economic accomplishment is its geography location. It is located within the present-day borders of Mauritania, Mali and Senegal, and Ghana was literally sitting on a gold mine at that time. This place's abundance of resources allowed Ghana's ruler to engage in years of prosperous trading, which led to the rapid emergence of this wealthy empire.
A gold pectoral disc found in Ghana.
As mentioned before, Ghana was actually just the title of the kings who ruled the kingdom. These people worshiped their king who they thought was half human and half God. The Ghana empire also worshiped a large river called the Buda's Sea of Niger. Also, they allowed Muslim merchants to live in their empire, they even had a large area in their capital that was full of Muslim merchants. However, very few Ghana people converted to Islam, because all the people in Ghana were united by their strong religious believes.
The Ghana empire had so much rare natural resources that it did not use much of its time on art. What most people spent their time doing was collecting their vast amount of gold. Although art is not what the Ghana empire is typically known for, there were many mosques found in this ancient empire that were very large and extremely ornate. Also, there were 80 small clay figures found that were mainly of important people or animals to show respect. Here is a picture of it.