Comparing and Contrasting the Types of Boundaries

Divergent Boundary

A divergent boundary is when two tectonic plates spread apart from each other.  This causes all the magma underneath to rise, therefore creating a volcano.  This can also create an earthquake.  Deep rifts and valley are sometimes caused by divergent boundaries.

Convergent Boundary

A convergent boundary is when two plates crash into each other.  The denser of the two then sinks down under the other.  This can create mountain ranges.  If they are two oceanic plates, deep ocean trenches can be made.

Transform Boundary

A transform boundary is when two adjacent plates slide against each other.  Because of the friction, it causes the plates to shake, which cause earthquakes to occur.

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