Congestive Heart Failure


By definition, Congestive Heart Failure is a weakness of the heart that leads to a buildup of fluid in the lungs and surrounding body tissues.


These are the most common causes

  • Coronary artery disease.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Longstanding alcohol abuse.
  • Disorders of the heart valves.
  • Unknown (idiopathic) causes, such as after recovery from myocarditis.
  • A lack of exercise


All symptoms vary and some are very difficult to notice. The most common symptoms include:

  • fatigue
  • diminished exercise capacity,
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling.

These symptoms are common towards other diseases, so congestive heart failure can be difficult to diagnosis

Diagnostic Test:

It occurs within nearly five million Americans per year. The rate is increasing


Congestive Heart Failure can be prevented through exercise, regulating cholesterol levels, regulating blood pressure, a lack of alcohol consumption, and a lack of smoking. Some individuals are still at high risk after following these prevention steps.

Risk Factors:

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
  • Abnormal heart valves.
  • Enlargement of the heart (cardiomyopathy)
  • Family history of heart disease.
  • Diabetes.


The disease can be helped by maintaining a particular diet, mmaintaining a particular weight, exercising, a decrease in sodium intake, and quitting any smoking habits.

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