S.S. Common Exam Review


a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives;control of an organization or group by the majority of its members.

Ex: United Kingdom

Direct Democracy

Direct democracy is a form where the people decide all together.

Ex: Switzerland

Representative Democracy

Representative democracy is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.



Form of government where political power is controlled by one person; monarch, dictator, emperer, etc.

Ex: China


Monarchy is a form of government where a King, Queen, Prince, Princess is born into the throne position.

Ex: Bahamas

Absolute Monarchy

Absolute monarchy or absolutism is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people.

Ex: Oman

Constitutional Monarchy

Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king or queen acts as Head of State. The ability to make and pass legislation resides with an elected Parliament, not with the monarch.

Ex: Belgium


A dictator has absolute control over his citizens. Dictatorship is absolute power and people are suppressed from voicing their own opinions.

Ex: North Korea


Theocracy is a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.

Ex: Iran


An oligarchy is a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.

Ex: China


An Anarchy is a state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority, absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal.

Ex: Somalia


Communism is advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.

Ex: Communism