The Axum kingdom in east Africa contributed greatly to the development of trade and religion in Africa. The Axum people descended from African traders and farmers who carried their religious traditions with them. The merging of these different cultures led to the combination of several diverse religions and ways of living. The kingdom of Axum also developed their own language, Geez. Overall, Axum helped develop the growth of Africa through several different ways.


Axum is located to the southeast of Nubia and stretched from Ethiopia to the Red Sea. It also rested along the borders of the Gulf of Aden. The bodies of water that surrounded the area were highly beneficial. It helped Axum develop in good agriculture and easily accessible trade routes. Also, Axum had easy connections with other cultures and areas in Africa because of its location. Overall, the geography of Axum helped it continue to grow and prosper.


Although the dominant religion in Africa at this time was Islam, Christianity spread throughout Axum. It started in the 300s when Ezana, Axum's king at the time, converted to a Christian. After the king's conversion, the citizens of Axum also began to adopt the religion. As more people converted to Christianity, the old temples used for previous religious purposes were replaced with Christian churches. After the decline of Axum, Christianity continued to grow in Ethiopia and the religion continued to thrive.


Art was a great part of the daily lives of the Axum people. The resources they used in their art came from either the things they developed or from trade with surrounding places. The coins shown below were a common piece of art in Axum that were used as a type of currency. The coins were made of gold and sometimes other metals. The two gold coins below are coins of Endubis, one of the kings of Axum. Both of the faces on the coins are drawings of Endubis and the words on the coins are written in the Axum language, Geez.