Uganda's Political Past

What could have leaded the country to child soldiers issue

Many things could explain why a certain country has to deal with child soldiers issues. In those situations, the country’s political past can be an important explanation to that question. It is the Uganda’s case, which after the ravage of years of political chaos now slowly improves his situation. The country’s political history has leaded his population to many civil wars. We can say without any doubts that violations of the human’s rights, like the training of child soldiers, played a prominent part in those wars.

“In the 1970s and 1980s Uganda was notorious for its human rights abuses […] During this time up to half a million people were killed in state-sponsored violence.” CBC News Africa,

This quotation shows how Uganda's problems where known around the world. Before 1962, Uganda’s territory was still a British colony, part of the commonwealth of the Nations. On October 9th, 1962, the Uganda has finally obtained his independence. Unfortunately, the country’s independence raised a lot of question about the political structure. A lot of different ethnic groups coexisting on this territory made a political system that would represent every nations hard to build. In 1962, we can say that Uganda’s political structure was mostly approved by only one of the country’s 4 big nations, the Buganda.

In 1966, the Prime Minister Milton Obote organised a pusch. He ran the country until 1971, when Idi Amin Dada, a sergeant, took the power from him. We now know that Idi Amin Dada’s government looked more like a dictatorship. In 1979, he was forced to leave the country. Between 1979 and 1986, political anarchy was running the Uganda. Yoweri Museveni’s coup d’état finally takes place in 1986. We could say that his government ends the political chaos that was taking place in Uganda since his creation.

After 20 years of wars and chaos, we can see the Uganda's story has strongly been affected by violence and cruelty. The child soldiers issue can prove it.