Made By: Hamza Saqib Rashid
The Innuitian Mountains are a mountain range in Canada's Arctic region of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. Although the Innuitian Mountains are not the best place for opening up a business, it definitely has the climate and resources that can help certain businesses to be successful.
1. Climate: The climate in the Innuitian Mountains is extremely harsh and very cold, which is why there are very few plants and wildlife in the region. The temperature in this region is around -35 degrees Celsius from November to April. The temperature rises slightly over zero in the summer. The average temperature in July is 3.6 degrees Celsius, showing that this is an extremely cold region. There is some rainfall between June and October, and 3 to 20 cm of monthly snowfall. The ground is covered with Permafrost (Permanently Frozen Ground) and the region is covered with huge amounts of snow.
2. Natural Landscape: The Innuitian Mountains are a mountain range in the arctic region of Canada. In some locations the Innuitian Mountains measure over 2,500 m (8,202 ft) in height, and 1,290 km (802 mi) in length. The highest point is Barbeau Peak at 2,616 m (8,583 ft). This region is mostly barren with vast areas covered with permafrost. This is the main reason to why there are only a few plants and animals in this region.
3. Vegetation and soil found in the region: The soil type in the Innuitian Mountains is tundra soil. The tundra is the most northerly vegetation region of Canada. It is located above the tree line, which marks the northern boundary of tree growth. Trees do not grow in the tundra because the climate is too cold and dry. Most of the tundra has permafrost, or permanently frozen ground. Only the top meter or so of permafrost, known as the active layer, thaws during the short summer (50-90 days). Water cannot drain downward, so the surface remains waterlogged. Types of plants in this region include:
- Labrador Tea
- Diamond Leaf Willow
- Various species of small shrubs.
These plants have shallow root systems, which is one of the main reasons that they can grow in the tundra soil. Tundra plants boom and mature very quickly. There is a small amount of humus in the active layer which is water logged. The lack of vegetation limits the variety of wild life and their population.
4. Geology of the region (rock types): There are 4 main Geological Eras:
- Cenozoic Era
- Mesozoic Era
- Paleozoic Era
- Precambrian Era
The Innuitian Mountains were formed during the middle of the Mesozoic Era, when the North American plate split from the European and African plate and collided on the opposite coast with the Pacific plate. The Innuitian Mountains are mainly composed of sedimentary rocks, and contains some Igneous and Metamorphic rocks. They are younger than the Appalachian Mountains, so erosion has not affected the Innuitian Mountains significantly.
The map above shows that the Innuitian Mountains are located in the Arctic region of Canada. As I discussed earlier, this region has a lot of snowfall and the temperature is extremely low. Even though these conditions are not ideal for any business, there are certain businesses that can be very successful. These businesses include:
1. Developing National Parks: The development of National Parks in this region would help attract tourists to the Innuitian Mountains. The population of Polar bears is decreasing over time. The main reason behind this is the scarcity of food. Polar bears eat fish, and the water is too cold for most of the fish to survive. The national park would provide the bears with food and shelter. The national parks would have activities such as skiing and zip lining. Tourists can enjoys sight seeing in this region as the tall mountains are a wonder to look at.
2. Mining and refining coal and minerals: The Innuitian Mountain range contains metallic minerals such as iron and zinc. The main fossil fuel in this region is coal, which is great for generating electricity. The machinery needed for extracting coal and minerals is expensive, but the profit that is earned after refining these materials is greater than the initial cost.
3. Transportation: The usage of coal and minerals in the arctic region is very low, but these resources are needed in the urban areas. Therefore, creating a transportation system would be ideal to bring theses resources to the urban areas. Constructing a railroad, or using ships is the best way to transport these resources. It is better to send coal to the urban areas rather than generating electricity and sending it to the city, as energy loses about 30% of its energy when it moves over a long distance.
4. Hydro-electric Power station: The summer in the Arctic Region is about 50-90 days long. During this time, some of the snow melts and the water starts to flow down the mountains. Even though the summer is short, it is better to use renewable energy resources rather than non-renewable energy resources. This electricity will be for the people living in this region and for the national parks.
5. Data Centers: A data center is a place where a company stores their data and distributes data to its users. The main reason why the Innuitian Mountain range is a good place to build a data center is because of its cold climate. Data centers tend to heat up very quickly and the company has to figure out a way to cool it down. The Innuitian Mountains are cold enough to prevent the data centers from over heating.
The map below shows that the Innuitian Mountains have an Arctic climate. This means that the Innuitian Mountain range has long, cold winters and short, cool summers. The average temperature in the Innuitian region is -35 degrees Celsius. The temperature is summer is relatively higher, as it is slightly over zero. Out of all the businesses stated above the climate would mainly affect the Hydro-electric power station and the data centers. The Hydro-electric power station would not be useful for any time of the year except summer. This would be a financial loss, as the owner will have to pay for the maintenance of the machinery, even when it is not in use. The other business that will be highly affected is the data centers. As I discussed earlier, data centers need a cold climate to prevent the machinery from over heating. The temperature is zero degrees in the summer which, is warmer than the temperature needed to prevent a data center from over heating. This will force the company to invest in an alternative method to cool down the machinery. The other businesses (stated above) will not be affected significantly by the climate change. The main effect on all the other businesses would be the loss of workers, because of the extremely cold climate. Workers might not agree to work in such a harsh climate or they might get sick, resulting in a shortage of workers.
Risk of Natural Disaster
Natural disasters rarely take place in the Innuitian Region. The main natural disasters that can occur in this region are mainly associated with the snow and mountains. These include:
- Blizzard: a severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility.
- Landslide: the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff.
- Avalanche: a mass of snow, ice, and rocks falling rapidly down a mountainside.
The reason why I believe these natural disasters can occur in the Innuitian region is because these disasters are associated with the mountains and the snow. These natural disasters can cause damage, but not as much damage as an earthquake. Earthquakes are prone to occur as there is a fault line in the Innuitian region.
Earthquakes are usually caused when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault. This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves that make the ground shake. When two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other, they stick a little. They don't just slide smoothly; the rocks catch on each other. The rocks are still pushing against each other, but not moving. After a while, the rocks break because of all the pressure that's built up. When the rocks break, the earthquake occurs. During the earthquake and afterward, the plates or blocks of rock start moving, and they continue to move until they get stuck again. The spot underground where the rock breaks is called the focus of the earthquake. The place right above the focus (on top of the ground) is called the epicenter of the earthquake. The diagram below shows how an earthquake is formed.