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Metaphors - Describe one thing as if it were something else.

Personification - Gives human qualities to something that is not human.

Similes - Use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things.

Symbol - Anything that represents something else.

Alliteration - The repetition of constant sounds in the beginning of words.

Repetition - The use of any element of language.

Assonance - The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables.

Consonance - The repetition of similar constant sounds at the ends of accented syllables.

Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate sounds.

Rhyme - The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.

Meter - The rhythmical pattern in a poem.

Narrative - Tells a story in verse.

Haiku - Is a three-line Japanese verse form.

Free Verse - Defined by its lack of strict structure.

Lyric - Expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker.

Ballads - Songlike poems that tell stories.

Concrete - Shaped to look like their subjects.

Limericks - Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rythem pattern and rhyme scheme.

Elegy- a mournful and sad poem

Rural- living in the country

Bureau- A division of a government department

Traditional- handed down by

Sonneteers- a name for people who right sonnet poems