Powerpoint: Background on Qing Dynasty  

Ask clarifying questions and offer answers about this powerpoint in the comment stream after the slides. We will discuss further tomorrow!

Participation in the comment stream will be worth 15 participation points.

Middle Kingdom: From China's perspective they were geographically, spiritually, culturally, technologically, and economically were at the center of the world, i.e. superior.

Note the reasons why merchants threatened gentry. Merchants also threatened religious values (ancestor worship, filial piety). Suspicious of their trustworthiness as well (another key Confucian value).

Note this slide as causes of the Opium War with Great Britain.

Reasons for rejecting European merchants: 1) sense of cultural superiority vs foreign merchants; 2) Europe only sold "inferior" goods; 3) China was suspicious of foreign motivations.

Comment Stream

View Older Posts
2 years ago
1

@Lorna and @James I agree about the merchants. I think it's very strange that merchants play such a key role in the expansion of China and yet they aren't taken seriously in the confucian value system. I don't understand what part of confucian beliefs dismiss merchants or why they are dismissed.

2 years ago
0

I also think it's interesting that old confucian values are still enforced and believed by the people of China when it is expanding so rapidly. Surely there must be many new philosophies and beliefs in China that could over take confucian values.

2 years ago
1

In addition, it seems like the corruption in the 18th century Qing court is the start of the education scarcity problem facing China today. Even back then, the low acceptance rate and limited number of qualified people to fill necessary positions hurt China as a whole.

2 years ago
0

One of the essential questions asks about times when religion divided society rather than brought a nation together and I think that the Confucian's ignoring the merchants, who are a huge part of China, is a prime example of that.

2 years ago
0

Liv- I'm not completely sure this if this is the cause, but I think the Chinese people kept the confucian values because they were the norm, because they were familiar with them and it's hard to get rid of old habits, so even though times were changing, people were not.

2 years ago
0

If the merchants were dismissed , then the peasants who worked the fields must not have had a very high social standing, which is unfair. The growing population didn't have enough food, and the only ones who had to do the work were the peasants who obviously couldn't keep up and didn't even had enough land. I think it would have been a good idea if the people in power at the time, gave citizens more land for agriculture and jobs, so that they wouldn't get out of control, and start the peasant rebellions.

2 years ago
0

I have a question about the meaning of Middle Kingdom? I'm not sure if it has to do with it being the central part of China, as in it being very important because of the Zhou dynasty or something like that?

2 years ago
0

Also, for the role in women and how it changed over time: at first many of the women in power were concubines, and some were liked by the emperor so much that their opinion would sway his, but i believe later on a woman becomes Emperor and is the first to do so.

2 years ago
0

The problem with overpopulation versus arable land and agriculture is a resilient issue throughout Chinese history. The thin-stretched bureaucracy and disconnected municipal governments must have made any productive discussion surrounding these shortages impossible, as well as other discussions. There was no voice for the subordinate classes.

2 years ago
0

😬