The Transport Web Binds the Nation and The Market Revolution

Results of a Forged National Economy

Summary!

This section talks about the results of everything that had occurred between 1790-1860. The effects of the rapid industrialization in America was a rapid development of transportation that spanned the country. It talks about the growth of the continental economy and the results of the revolution on normal people. There was a growing gap between rich and poor, but the quality of life was better in America than it was in the rest of the Europe.

The Erie Canal

The Erie Canal is probably the most important innovation for the American Transportation Revolution. Started in 1817 and completed in 1825 the canal was the first system to link the eastern seaboard to the western interior. The canal made population in New York surge and opened lands of the West to further settlement. The Erie Canal picked up and moved the Mississippi River and made goods flow through the State of New York.

Primary Source!

"Everything Here is New But the Forests": Englishman Thomas Woodcock Travels to Niagara on the Erie Canal, 1836.
Engraver Thomas Woodcock was born in Manchester, England in 1805 and emigrated to the United States in 1830. In 1836 he took a trip to Niagara Falls, traveling north from Manhattan up the Hudson river and west on the Erie Canal. Niagara Falls was a favorite destination for tourists in the 1830s, made possible in part by the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825. The trip was popularized by authors like Basil Hall, whose 1829 Travels in North America in the Years 1827 and '28 Woodcock mentions several times here. Woodcock’s narrative is noteworthy less for his appreciation of the natural wonders of the falls than for his shrewd appraisal of business practices in western New York. This selection from his private journal begins on the Erie Canal with his trip from Schenectady to Utica by packet boat.

The reason I chose the primary source is because it talks about how the Erie Canal had not just transformed New York, but also because it changed the Nation. America had been around for 200 or so years, but the construction of the Erie Canal added new revitalization to the area and created a stimulus for economic growth that led to the development of a new markets and a national economy.

Citations

Basil Hall, Travels in North America in the Years 1827 and '28 (Edinburgh, 1829), v.1, p.71. Thomas Swann Woodcock, New York to Niagara, 1836: The Journal of Thomas S. Woodcock, ed. Deoch Fulton (New York: New York Public Library, 1938), 9–16.

Wikipedia contributors. "Erie Canal." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 14 Oct. 2013. Web. 29 Oct. 2013.

Source: View of Erie Canal by John William Hill, 1829. Watercolor on paper. http://www.history.rochester.edu/canal/(Google Earth Placemark)

Quiz

1) A major economic consequence of the transportation and marketing revolutions was

A) A lessening of the gap between great wealth and poverty

B) A stabilization of the work force in industrial cities

C) A declining significance of American agriculture

D) A steady improvement in average wages and standards of living

E) The growing realization of the rags-to-riches American Dream

2)As the new continental market economy grew

A) Individual households became increasingly self-sufficient

B) The home came to be viewed as a refuge from the workday world

C) Traditional women's work became more highly valued and increasingly important

D) Respect for women as homemakers declined

E) The home lost most of its importance for family life