Rapid Changes in Earth's Surfaces. Volcano eruptions occur inside the extremely hot volcano. When it's hot enough it pours out hot lava and will look like this. Earthquake just happen. The pipes came out of the Earth's surface and you can see the sidewalk is cracked up. Fire burning in the forest. Some one left their fire burning at night or maybe there was a lightning strike. Tornadoes can occur during dark severe thunderstorms. They can destroy homes and anything in there path. Mudslides occur when there have been heavy down pours of rain. The ground literally slides down and rips the Earth's surface apart.