The Emancipation Proclamation

Lincoln's attempt to free slaves

Factors leading up to the Emancipation Proclemation

In the beginning of the Civil War, the Confederates had the upper hand.  They were experienced with the outdoors and had military leaders like Robert E. Lee, who had previous military experience.  Things were not looking good for the Union when in the September of 1862, there was a victory at Anthem.  By this battle, both the Union and the Confederacy had suffered heavy losses.  Abraham Lincoln, also being an abolitionist was looking to end slavery.  At first he thought it should be ended slowly, but he soon realized that it would never happen that way.  He was hoping to end it slowly because if it suddenly ended the affects on the economy would not be positive.  Since there was a huge demand for troops, and the South had thousands of African-American males, Lincoln knew that if he freed them, they would more than likely join the Union Army.

A Proclemation

In the September of 1862 Abraham Lincoln warned that unless the States Rebelling the U.S. returned to the Union, all the slaves in the rebelling states would be emancipated, or freed.  None of the states returned to the Union, so on January 1, 1863, Lincoln gave his Emancipation Proclamation Speech.  All slaves in the states rebelling the U.S. were free.  But it didn't free slaves in all states.  It only freed slaves in states of the Confederacy.  It didn't free slaves in border states that still allowed slavery.  Slavery was abolished in the December of 1865, wiht the passing of the 13th amendment.