Textbook pg. 640-643

TB pg. 640

  • Metaphors- describes one thing as if it were something else
  • Personification- gives human qualities to something nonhuman
  • Similes- use like or as to compare to unlike things
  • Alliteration- is the repetition of constant sounds at the beginning of words, as in feathered friend
  • Repetition- is the repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase
  • Assonance- is the repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different constant sounds, as in fade and hay
  • Consonance- is the repetition of final constant sounds in stressed syllables with different vowel sounds, as in end and hand
  • Onomatopoeia- is the use of words that intimate sounds
  • Rhyme- is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
  • Rhythm- is the pattern of strong and weak beats, as well as pauses, in a poem. Rhythm in music and poetry are similar

TB pg. 641

  • Lines- help poets add natural pauses by breaking up a poem into many individual parts
  • Stanzas- are the arrangement of groups of lines to create and appearance on the page or to organize thoughts.
  • Meter- is the rhythmical pattern, or the arrangement and number of stressed and unstressed syllables
  • Rhyme Scheme- is the pattern of rhyme in a poem

TB pg. 642

  • Lyric Poetry- expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in a very musical verse
  • Sonnets- fourteen- line poems with a formal tone that follow a specific rhyme scheme
  • Odes- poems with a formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating or honoring a person, object, or idea
  • Elegies- formal poems that reflect on death or other solemn, serious themes
  • Narrative Poetry- tells a story in a verse
  • Epics- long narrative poems that tell an exciting or inspiring story, usually about a hero
  • Ballads- song- like poems that tell a story, often dealing with adventure, tragedy or romance
  • Free Verse Poetry- defined by its lack of strict structure
  • Limericks- humorous five-line poems with a specific rhythmic pattern and and aabba rhyme scheme
  • Concrete Poem- the words are arranged on the page to form a shape that suggests the topics or ideas in the poem
  • Haikus- short, unrhymed poems, oftn about nature