The Egyptians By: Nicholas Bourquin

The Pyramids

Egyptian Food Supply

The Egyptians had a big variety of different foods!Some of there food was things such as wheat, barley, vegetables, figs, melons, pomegranates, vines and flax. Wheat was the main crop used to make bread. Barley was also made into some sort of bred or brew. Wheat and barley were used as a currency for the poor people. This enabled peasants to pay taxes and purchase goods. Pharaohs hired peasants to farm on the rich soil around the River Nile. The farmers lived in a strip of land between the high flood mark and the desert sand. Poorer farmers lived in mud brick houses which were not sturdy and would break down after a few years. The richer farmers could afford a sturdy stone house and farmed the best land. Most of the people of Egypt were farmers. They grew their crops near the banks of the Nile River where rich black soil was good for crops.

Social Structure

This is an Egyptian Social Class Pyramid.

The Social Pyramid showed the most important people at the top and the least important people at the bottom.The order of the Social Pyramid is Pharaohs, Government Officials, Soldiers, Scribes, Merchants, Craftsmen, and Peasants. At the bottom were slaves because they had the least or no power.

Ancient Egyptian Religion

Ra was the Ancient Egyptian god of the sun. He was already well known in the Old Kingdom, by 3000 BC. He had the sun balanced on his head and he traveled in a boat from sunrise in the East to the sunset in the West everyday, accompanied by his followers. Inpu, or Anubis was an Egyptian god, the son of Ra. He was the god of the dead and the underworld in the Old Kingdom Egypt. Osiris was an Ancient Egyptian god of growing things. Osiris was the oldest son of the earlier Earth god Geb and the Sky Goddess Nut. Horus was an Egyptian god, originally from Upper Egypt. In the Old Kingdom, people thought of Horus as having the head of a falcon, and his name means "falcon" in Egyptian. The Ancient Egyptians believed in so many different gods and goddesses. Each on with their own role to play in maintaining peace and harmony across the land. This affected their life and death because believing in many gods could mean ceremonies, rituals, and possibly sacrifices. The religious beliefs were important to the Egyptians because they worshipped gods and asked for things and obeyed the gods and they believed that if they did not obey the gods that they would get punished.

Map Of Ancient Egypt

This is a map of Ancient Egypt.

System of Government

The Ancient Egyptian Government was ruled first and foremost by the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the supreme leader not only of the government, but also of the religion. However, the Pharaoh couldnt run the governement all by himself, so he had a hierarchy of rulers and leaders below him who ran different aspects of the government. The pharaoh Khufu ruled from about 2551 to 2528 B.C.E., during the Old Kingdom period. Khufu is best known for making a famous pyramid. The pharaoh Senusret I ruled from about 2551 to 2528 B.C.E., during the middle kingdom. Art, literature, and architecture flourished during his reign. During the New Kingdom, Hatshepsut ruled Egypt from about 1473 to 1458 B.C.E. Hatshepsut was Egypts first female pharaoh. One of her greatest achievements was her rise to power. The pharaoh Ramses II ruled from about 1290 to 1224 B.C.E., during the New Kingdom. He reigned for more than 60 years, longer than almost any pharaoh. He is best known for his military leadership and for building numerous monuments. These pharaohs kept an orderly society and protected their civilization by having a good and strong government and having a military.

The Arts

Egyptians built Sphinx`s. The Sphinx of Giza is a symbol that has represented the essence of Egypt for thousands of years. People in Egypt have probably been playing music since the early stone age, long before evidence of it. It is believed that the flute has been invented in Ancient Egypt. Thee earliest art from Northern Africa is carvings of giraffes and other animals on stones in the Sahara Desert starting about 10,000 BC. In the early part of the Old Kingdom, the Egyptians built pyramids (tombs for pharaohs) which are now so famous. Of course they also built smaller buildings like houses and butcher shops.

Advances In Technology

One thing that the Egyptians created is the Ancient Egyptian water wheel. The water wheel helped the Egyptians irrigate their crops more efficiently.

Written Language

The Egyptians form of writting is Hieroglyphics. The Egyptians used hieroglyphics for all different kinds of writing.They practiced writing on pieces of wood, flakes of stone and even broken bits of pottery. When students improved their skills, they were allowed to write on papyrus paper. For pens, a scribe used finely sharpened reeds. It was not until quite recently, a mere 200 years ago, that a stone was found in Egypt. The stone had the same short story written on it in Greek, in Demotic, and in hieroglyphics. Scientists could read Greek. Scientists could read Demonic. And now, scientists could begin to read hieroglyphics. They named this stone the Rosetta Stone.


Connection 1: The Egyptians had a government just like us. We have a President and they have a Pharaoh.

Connecion 2: The Egyptians created and used makeup. Today we create new makeups and girls wear makup.

Connection 3: The Egyptians created and used toothbrushes. Today we use toothbrushes and we created the electric toothbrush.

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