HOW IT STARTED
The Industrial Revolution first started in Great Britain and eventually progressed to the United States in the early 19th century. It was first created to raise people's standard of living. Before the revolution, the majority of Americans lived on farmland, small towns, or villages where there was little manufacturing. A farmer usually also was able to make shoes, and the women spent their days making soap and candles, or spinning yarn or making clothing. The manufacturing that did take place was in homes or rural areas and it was done by hand.
WORKING CLASSES/FACED FACTORIES
The Industrial Revolution made drastic changes on the lives of individuals. Two classes that benefited from it were the "middle" and “upper” classes. These two classes were composed of people that had wealth and success. Even though most could afford goods anyway, the prices lowered even more, so that those who could not afford them before could now enjoy the comfort and convenience of the new products being made.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, and the development of machine tools. It also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal. Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested; the textile industry was also the first to use modern production methods.
The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century made an overall positive impact on Western society. The introduction of factories and the assembly line, new inventions, the development of electricity, and the railroads all contributed to faster, more efficient production of goods and materials. While the Industrial Revolution also contributed to such problems as child labor and urban overcrowding, even these resulted in such positive effects as the funding of schools and the passage of child labor laws. As a result, the Industrial Revolution enhanced both economic production and the way in which people lived.