Annotated Bibliography

Mrs. Thornell
Shelby Godwin, Laura Connolly, Meredith Lascallette

The Crucible

Reaching its highest point in the United States, witch-hunts became well known in the late 19th century in Salem, Massachusetts. The three most popular targets for people who need someone to hate are: “the liberal media”, “freeloaders who mooch off the rest of us”, and “the overweight.” In the persuasive essay, the thesis is thought to be “Modern day witch hunts should be scrutinized just as closely as the travesty that put Salem on the map.

Senator Joseph McCarthy in the 1940s and 1950s began accusing people of communist beliefs, and actions were taken against the accused. The feeling of paranoia and accusations of surrounding people was known as “McCarthyism” based on Joseph McCarthy’s catalyst accusations.

In “Arthur Miller Biography,” a short biography written by Rachel Galvin, Miller’s literary achievements are emphasized. Galvin shows positive interest in Arthur Miller’s inspirations and philosophies. She uses direct quotes from his works and tells of how he looks to the Greeks for inspiration. Galvin also includes a small overview of his life, such as how his mother was a women’s clothing proprietor and how his family was affected during the depression. She then proceeds to dwell on his famous works and Pulitzer achievements.

In “How McCarthyism Worked,” by Alia Hoyt, McCarthyism is described as a political practice. Hoyt shows focus on the history of America and communism scares, of “red scares.” America had experienced red scares after World War 1, where America reacted inwardly to not allow communism to reach its own government. She then continues to a short biography of Joseph McCarthy and his accusations of other government workers of communist sympathies, considered a reckless scandal. Hoyt concludes her informational article on McCarthyism by blaming the downfall of Joseph McCarthy on television and public opinion.

In “The Salem Witch Trials of 1692,” the authors/author of the education department of the Salem Witch Museum describe the events of the Salem Witch Trials from the start to the finish. The education department starts with describing Reverend Parris’ situation (much like “The Crucible,”) and they stress the understanding on the time period the trials occurred in. Many men and women suspected of witchcraft were hanged. Finally those awaiting their trial were pardoned and the trials ended.

In “The Salem Witch Trials,” an article from a city guide website of Salem, Massachusetts, the writers emphasize the location of the trials. 19 people were hanged at a place called “Gallows Hill” and many memorabilia are stored at the Peabody Essex Museum. There is also a memorial area dedicated to the history of the trials located in the Salem town.

Analyzing the editorial, “witches” are targeting Africans, Muslims, Indians, and mostly women. One example away from the article would be from the TV reality show, “The Housewives of Beverly Hills.” Carlton Gebbia studies witchcraft and was blamed for casting a spell on actress, Joyce Girraud and husband. With a logos appeal, the report was horrendous. Seventy year old, Nunu Devi, headwoman of Bihar-a rural village in India- was blamed for the illness of two of her neighbors that later were disabled. After asking Devi to cure it, Devi said she could not and five women, who later were charged, attacked her with bamboo and iron sticks and chopped a part of her nose off. Months ago, a woman in near Sitamarhi was forced to eat human excreta after people labeled her to be a witch. So many different cases but the question may sit in your head, “What exactly is a witch hunt/witchcraft?” Witch-hunt is the “act of unfairly looking for and punishing people who are accused of having opinions that are believed to be dangerous or evil.” Witchcraft is the use of magical talents, mostly for religious or medicinal reasons. “When witchcraft is practiced as a religion, it is called by the Old English term for witch, Wicca. This term is used to counter all the negative stereotypes that society has given witchcraft. Wicca is primarily a religion that worship nature, and sees all creation as sacred.” Senator Joseph McCarthy in the 1940s and 1950s began accusing people of communist beliefs, and actions were taken against the accused. The feeling of paranoia and accusations of surrounding people was known as “McCarthyism” based on Joseph McCarthy’s catalyst accusations.