Industrial Revolution 1750-1850
"Robert Owen A Reformer 1771-1858" Nick Holywell
He refused to use child labor, wanted workers to have unions, considered that employers can be kind and still make a profit.
robert owen - Wolfram|Alpha. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=robert owen [Accessed: 9 Dec 2013].
He is a reformer who is regarded as a founder of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement. He believed that people are a product of their birth and surroundings, and pushed for education and work reform. Advocated atheism for most of his life, later accepting Spiritualism.
Portrait of Robert Owen.png - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [online] Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Portrait_of_Robert_Owen.png [Accessed: 9 Dec 2013].
A Model Community
Under Robert Owen’s management from 1800 to 1825, the cotton mills and village of New Lanark became a model community, in which the drive towards progress and prosperity through new technology of the Industrial Revolution was tempered by a caring and humane regime. This gained New Lanark an international reputation for the social and educational reforms Owen implemented. New Lanark had the first Infant School in the world, a creche for working mothers, free medical care, and a comprehensive education system for children, including evening classes for adults. Children under 10 were not allowed to work in the Mill.
Leisure and recreation were not forgotten; there were concerts, dancing, music-making and pleasant landscaped areas for the benefit of the community.
When Owen opened the Institute for the Formation of Character, which was effectively a community education centre for his workers, he outlined his visionary plans for an astonishingly progressive and enlightened system of education which he believed was the key to a happier society, and universal harmony.
"What ideas individuals may attach to the term "Millennium" I know not; but I know that society may be formed so as to exist without crime, without poverty, with health greatly improved, with little, if any misery, and with intelligence and happiness increased a hundredfold; and no obstacle whatsoever intervenes at this moment except ignorance to prevent such a state of society from becoming universal.”Extract from Robert Owen’s "Address to the Inhabitants of New Lanark"
New Year’s Day, 1816
From - Robert Owen - pioneer, visionary, New Lanark. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.robert-owen.com/ [Accessed: 9 Dec 2013].
Robert Owen: New Harmony. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dj1j62LyjM [Accessed: 9 Dec 2013].