Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive compulsive Disorder (OCD) is characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears that lead to repetitive behaviors. OCD is caused by a malfunction in one or more of the receptors in the brain that Serotonin attaches to. The orbital cortex and deeper structures such as the Basal Ganglia and Thalamus are also affected.

Symptoms

- Fear of contamination or dirt

- Over washing of hands

- Repeating doing the same things over and over

-Fear of losing or not having things you might need.

-Aggressive or horrific thoughts about harming yourself or others

-Counting, tapping, repeating certain words, or doing other senseless things to reduce anxiety.

-Rewording or rewriting words or phrases

Causes

OCD can be caused by chemical imbalances in the brain, Genetics and a traumatic event in someone's life.

How is it diagnosed?

OCD is diagnosed usually by a Psychological evaluation by a mental health provider. Lab tests can also be done.

Treatment

OCD cannot be cured.Patients can get psychotherapy to help learn how to cope with OCD. Medications like Prozac and Anafranil can improve OCD symptoms. Antidepressants are usually tried first.

Statistics

OCD affects about 2.2 million American adults. It effects men and women equally and usually appears in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood. About 1 out of 200 adults have OCD and less than 10% are receiving treatment for OCD.

Organizations

International OCD Foundation- Their mission is to help individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and related disorders to live full and productive lives.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America- Their mission is to support and understand other with anxiety disorders.

Famous People with OCD

-Leonardo DiCaprio

-David Beckham

-Cameron Diaz

-Howie Mandel

Day in the life of OCD

The person living with OCD wakes up and has to perform a number of rituals. A example of this would be washing hand serval times or re-making their bed over and over. These rituals happen throughout the whole day. Rituals interfered with the person's life. This is normal for someone with OCD. To cope with this you need to realize you have OCD. Once you identify the problem you can begin dealing with it. Some ways to cope with OCD are to anticipate your compulsive urges before they arise, so you can help to ease them. More ways to cope with OCD is to practice relaxation methods, maintain a healthy diet and excise.

actual schedule of someone with OCD

Cites

"Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)." : Symptoms, Behavior, and Treatment. Helpguide.org, n.d. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://www.helpguide.org/articles/anxiety/obssessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd.htm>.

"New Health Guide." Famous People with OCD. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://www.newhealthguide.org/Famous-People-With-Ocd.html>.

"UOCD: Facts& Statistics on OCD." UOCD: Facts& Statistics on OCD. UOCD, n.d. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://understanding_ocd.tripod.com/ocd_facts_statistics.html>.

"Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD)." - Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ocd/basics/definition/con-20027827>.

"What Causes OCD?" International OCD Foundation. N.p., 28 Apr. 2014. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://iocdf.org/about-ocd/what-causes-ocd/>.

OCD. Digital image. Http://www.tourettesyndrome.net/. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://www.tourettesyndrome.net/wp-content/uploads/0cd_petscan_ucla001.gif>.

Washing Hands. Digital image. Http://www.benekeith.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://www.benekeith.com>.

Psychiatrist. Digital image. Http://www.minddisorders.com/. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2015. <http://www.minddisorders.com/photos/psychiatrist-1019.jpg>.

Comment Stream