•Flavian Dynasty ruled the Empire of Rome from 69 AD - 96 AD •The dynasty starts with Vespasian (69-79) •After Vespasian, power was handed over to his two sons •First the oldest son, Titus ruled (79-81) •Then Domitian came into power (81-96)
•While emperor, Vespasian worked hard to solidify his rule using a lot of propaganda •Made many financial reforms •66 AD, Vespasian was put in charge of stopping the Jewish revolts in Judea •This became known as the First Jewish-Roman War and resulted in the murder of many Jews and the destruction of many Jewish settlements •After the civil war, Vespasian contributed to Rome with many architectural structures among these are: The Temple of Peace, the statue of Apollo, and the Flavian Amphitheater also known as the Roman Colosseum (completed by Titus). •Died of natural causes in 79 AD
•Came into power after Vespasian's death (1st Roman emperor to come to power after biological father) •Gained much honor by serving as a military commander under his father during the First Jewish-Roman War •One of Rome's most popular Emperors (ruled with kindness & put on many shows in the amphitheater) •Sometimes called "The Delight of Mankind" •Two months after taking the throne, Mount Vesuvius erupted burying Pompeii and Herculaneum. Titus donated money to help the victims. •Contributed new architecture to Rome: the Baths of Titus, and the Temple of Vespasian and Titus (completed by Domitian) •Suddenly died from fever in 81 AD
•Came to power after death of his brother Titus •Known for reign of terror (persecuted Jews and Christians) •Thought he should control the daily life, culture, and morals of the Roman people •Had huge building project (around 50 structures were completed/restored). Among these structures are: The Flavian Palace, the Temple of Jupiter, the Temple of Vespasian and Titus, and the Arch of Titus •The Arch of Titus is an attempt by Domitian to make the Roman people like him by commemorating his brothers successes •Seen as a tyrant by Roman Senate •Assassinated by court officials in 96 AD •Domitian's memory was "condemned to oblivion" by the Roman Senate. This means the Roman Senate tried to erase Domitian from history which is very easy in ancient times because there is limited documentation. The official name for this is damnatio memoriae which translates to "damnation of memory"
•This is an example of damnation memoriae, in the Severan Dynasty Geta's face has been erased on all coins by the order of her brother.
Canva App, Wikimedia.com
Out of all the structures made by each emperor of the Flavian Dynasty, the Arch of Titus interests me the most. •located at the highest point of the Via Sacra •commemorates Titus's victories (Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD) •Acted as inspiration for the Arc de Triomphe of Paris (1839) •The large inscription at the top reads: "Senatus Populusque Romanus divo Tito divi Vespasiani filio Vespasiano Augusto" That translates to: "The Roman Senate and People (dedicate this) to the divine Titus Vespasianus Augustus, son of the divine Vespasian" •Stands about 50 ft. tall •Oldest Roman arch still standing •Inside the Arch, there are two drawings, one is of a triumphal procession with spoils taken from the Jewish people, the other is a picture of Titus with the Roman goddesses Victoria and Roma