What is Ebola?

Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus. There is five kind of Ebola virus. Only one causes disease in humans and other primates. It is the Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus) that can affect us and that is deadly. Ebola viruses are mostly found in African countries. Ebola was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, outbreaks have periodically appeared in Africa. The reservoir hosts of Ebola are mostly animals in Africa like the fruit bats, monkeys, does and other kinds. Four of the fives kinds are found in the fruit bats which are more likely to be the natural reservoir host of the deadly version of the virus. Also, people get infected with Ebola through direct contact, through broken skin or mucous membranes, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth. So, you can get infected from any bodily fluids like blood, saliva, breast milk, sweat and anything else that come to mind. And eating fruits that infected fruit bats fed upon can get you infected and if you have sex with someone who recovered from the disease you can still get infected.

Ebola can be a deadly disease if you get infected and is extremely contagious, but for this outbreak the fault lies with the Africans governments that waited for the first death to react and it was important to react before because in Africa they don’t have all the medical knowledge and equipment to save infected patients.

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