ways that fabrics can constructed
by: Kayla Roberts

types of weaving ??

-plain weave: the simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn.


Basket weave-
a weave is one variation, with the weft yarn passing over two and under two warp yarns each pass


EX: chiffon, seersucker, taffeta

Twill weave:

A weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarn back on each new row

what are the uses??

- used for durability, this weave produces a diagonal design on the surface.

Ex: denim, gabardine

Satin weave:

a weave that produces a smooth, shiny- surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create  long floats

Ex: sateen, satin

Other weaves:

- pile weave- corduroy, velvet

-Dobby- dotted swiss, pique

-jacquard- brocade, damask

-leno- fabrics with and open,lacy appearance


what is knitting

constructing fabric by looping yarns together

weft knits:

knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops

Characteristics:

- cut edges will curl
- weft knits run if snagged

Ex: jersey, ribbed knits, sweater knits





Warp knits:

knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise

Characteristics:

direction
- do not ravel
-have selvage edges

Ex: tricot, raschel knits

-

Gauge:

the number of stitches, or loops, per inch in a knitted fabric

Additional ways to construct fabric

Nonwoven-

"Fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals,friction, or pressure."

ex: quilt batting, garment interfacings, felt, artificial suede

Laces and nets-

" made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarns"

Ex: lace

Braided fabrics-

"created by interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord"

Ex: decorative trims, shoelaces

-Bonded fabric

" made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination"

Ex: two fabrics bonded so that one serves as a self- lining as in skiwear or winter coats

More ways to construct fabric

-
quilted fabric
" a layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching.

Ex of use : bedspreads, placemats, and outerwear

Fabric finishing


How does it work??

applying colors, designs or surface treatments that change the look, feel, or performance of fabrics




Ways fabric finishing is treated  color wise

  1. Bleaching: chemical processes that remove color, impurities, or spots  from fibers
  2. Dyeing: a method of giving color to a fiber, yarn, fabric, or garment
  3. Printing: the process of adding color, pattern, or design to the surface of fabrics

Now for the finishing categories

  1. Mechanical: finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemical

Characteristics:

affect size and appearance

Ex: glazing, embossing, brushing/ napping/ cutting (corduroy)

2.  Chemical: finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical retains with the fibers

Characteristics:

affect performance


Ex: flame retardent, strain resistant (scotchgard),

waterproof, permanent press, preshrunk (sanforized