ways that fabrics can constructed
by: Kayla Roberts
types of weaving ??
-plain weave: the simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn.
a weave is one variation, with the weft yarn passing over two and under two warp yarns each pass
EX: chiffon, seersucker, taffeta
A weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarn back on each new row
what are the uses??
- used for durability, this weave produces a diagonal design on the surface.
Ex: denim, gabardine
a weave that produces a smooth, shiny- surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long floats
Ex: sateen, satin
- pile weave- corduroy, velvet
-Dobby- dotted swiss, pique
-jacquard- brocade, damask
-leno- fabrics with and open,lacy appearance
what is knitting
constructing fabric by looping yarns together
knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops
- cut edges will curl
- weft knits run if snagged
Ex: jersey, ribbed knits, sweater knits
knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise
- do not ravel
-have selvage edges
Ex: tricot, raschel knits
the number of stitches, or loops, per inch in a knitted fabric
Additional ways to construct fabric
"Fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals,friction, or pressure."
ex: quilt batting, garment interfacings, felt, artificial suede
Laces and nets-
" made by knotting, twisting, or looping yarns"
"created by interlacing three or more yarns to form a regular diagonal pattern down the length of the resulting cord"
Ex: decorative trims, shoelaces
" made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination"
Ex: two fabrics bonded so that one serves as a self- lining as in skiwear or winter coats
More ways to construct fabric
- quilted fabric
" a layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching.
Ex of use : bedspreads, placemats, and outerwear
How does it work??
applying colors, designs or surface treatments that change the look, feel, or performance of fabrics
Ways fabric finishing is treated color wise
- Bleaching: chemical processes that remove color, impurities, or spots from fibers
- Dyeing: a method of giving color to a fiber, yarn, fabric, or garment
- Printing: the process of adding color, pattern, or design to the surface of fabrics
Now for the finishing categories
- Mechanical: finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemical
affect size and appearance
Ex: glazing, embossing, brushing/ napping/ cutting (corduroy)
2. Chemical: finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical retains with the fibers
Ex: flame retardent, strain resistant (scotchgard),
waterproof, permanent press, preshrunk (sanforized