8th American History
December 11th, 2014
Top Ten List
- The Louisiana Purchase~ The Louisiana Purchase happened when France had to finance war with England, so they sold the territory to the United States for 15 million dollars.
- XYZ Affair and Alien and Sedition Acts~ The XYZ Affair was during war with the U.S. and France. John Adams named the 3 French members X,Y, and Z because they would not talk to an American. The Alien and Sedition Acts was passed by the Federalists to deport aliens and imprison them.
- Lewis and Clarks Expedition~ Lewis and Clark went on an expedition to take notes on the new land. During their expedition they met Sacagawea who helped them and led them on their journey.
- Gold Rush~Everybody heard about there being gold in California, so they left their towns and went to California to become wealthier.
- The Oregon Trail~ When there was economic troubles in the east, the promise of fertile soil for them to farm on brought them across The Oregon Trail.
- Industrial Revolution~ A period in history when inventors made things to make the their working lives easier than they were.
- Indian Removal Act~ The Indian Removal Act removed them from their territory even though they did nothing to earn it.
- Washington's Farewell Address~ Instead of being President for a third term, he decided to leave and spend more time with his family. He told everyone to not be involved with Foreign Affairs or political parties with other countries.
- The Mexican-American War~Mexico refused to give the land to the United States so President Polk created a plan to provoke Mexico in an attack.
- War of 1812~The War ended in a stalemate which means that nobody one. Also during the Battle, Francis Scott Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner
Picture of Gold Rush in 1849
1. George Washington's Farewell Address- 1796
This is when Washington told everyone to not be involved with foreign affairs.
2. The XYZ Affair and Sedition Acts Law passed- 1798
Three French members were named X,Y,and Z. Also Sedition Acts Law was passed to keep aliens out.
3. Thomas Jefferson Purchases the Louisiana Territory- 1803
He purchases the Louisiana Territory for $15 million.
4. Lewis and Clark go on their expedition- 1804
They go to explore the new land.
5. The War of 1812- 1812
6. The Industrial Revolution- 1820
This is when people created new inventions to make their lives easier.
7. Indian Removal Act- 1830
This removed Indians from their land when they did nothing to earn it
8. Pioneers Travel on Oregon Trail- 1842
They traveled to Oregon for a better lifestyle
9. The Mexican- American War-1846
10. Gold Rush- 1849
Everyone went to California to get wealthier.
Biography on John Adams
John Adams was born on October 30th, 1735 and died on July 4th, 1826. He was married to Abigail Smith Adams and had five children. One of his children, John Quincy, became the sixth president of the United States. Later in his life, he became our second President in the United States. He won the election against Thomas Jefferson with a score of 71 to 68. John Adams spent most of his life in public service, and he was an avid patriot. During his term, the United States was not getting along with France. The French wanted the Americans to bribe them before they would talk. Adams did not like this. He named the three French members X, Y, and Z and this event is now known as the X, Y, Z affair. Later Americans started thinking that there were aliens, or people that should not be there, so they passed the Alien and Sedition Acts in the year 1798. An interesting fact about John Adams is that he was the first president to live in the White House. He moved in before the building was even finished! Another fact about him is that he died on the same day as Thomas Jefferson.
New Ways To Make Your Life Easier
Over the past couple of months there have been so many inventions created to make your life easier! Things like picking seeds out of cotton takes so much time, and takes up most of your day. But now, there is a machine called the cotton gin that will pick out the seeds for you! The cotton gin was created by Ely Whitney. This machine allowed cotton to be woven a lot quicker than doing it by hand. Also Ely Whitney made his machine with interchangeable parts. This means that when one of the parts break, it is not hard for anyone to fix.
Another machine created to help you is the sewing machine. John Fisher created the sewing machine. No more hand knitting for you! Now this machine is not very cheap but it will help you get more done in a less amount of time. Sewing by hand takes so much time, and it takes a lot of time to make just the cloth. With the sewing machine, it stitches fabric together with thread very fast. This will definitely help you because you can make cloth faster for not only your own use, but you can also make cloth to sell to other people and to make a profit off of.
Obituary on George Washington
George Washington was born on February 22nd, 1732 and he died on December 14th, 1799. He was married to Martha Washington. Washington served as a general and a commander-in-chief of the colonial armies during the American Revolution. Next, George became our first president of the United States of America on April 30th, 1789, and he is known as one of our Founding Fathers. As he was president, the nation was in a lot of debt. He ordered Alexander Hamilton to fix this problem. During the revolution, England and France wanted to go to war, but Washington decided to remain neutral in conflicts between them. Washington also wanted to create a strong government when he was president. The Federalists supported him because they wanted to have a powerful government as well. As he grew older, he chose not to seek a third term for President. People wanted him to be president forever, but he decided not to. He decided that he would like to spend the rest of his life with his family. George Washington created a Farewell Address. In this he wanted everyone to not be involved with political parties or be involved with foreign affairs.
EARLY AMERICAN PUMPKIN SPICE CAKE 1 c. shortening
3 c. sugar
3 eggs, beaten
1 (16 oz.) can pumpkin
1 tsp. vanilla
1/2 tsp. coconut flavoring
1 tsp. butter flavoring
3 c. flour
1 tsp. soda
1/2 tsp. baking powder
1/4 tsp. salt
1 tsp. nutmeg
1 tsp. allspice
1 tsp. cloves
1 tsp. cinnamon
1 c. nuts
1 c. brown sugar
1/2 c. sour cream
Cream shortening and sugar. Add eggs, pumpkin and flavorings. Sift next 8 ingredients together and add to shortening mixture and mix. Add nuts and mix well. Pour into greased and floured tube pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 1 hour and 15 minutes. Combine brown sugar with sour cream, cook over medium heat. Bring to boil, simmer for 1 minute. Cool 5 minutes. Top cake.
By the Numbers
71 votes- Adams Won Election
3 French Members- named X, Y, and Z
15 million dollars- Louisiana territory
3 crew members killed- British ship attacked USS Chesapeake
6 months- News of treaty signed to be told to the states
32 days after election- Harrison died as President
2 promises the Monroe Doctrine promised
12th Amendment- allows House of Representatives to choose President when there is not a majority
17,000 Cherokees were forced to march
15 million dollars- New Mexico and California sold to the United States
This is a picture of the Cherokee marching with all of their stuff.
Indian Removal Act
This is a map of the Indian Removal Act. The Indian Removal Act is when the Indians were forced out of their land and they had to travel to new land. This trail that they traveled on was known as the Trail of Tears. It was called the Trail of Tears because they were forced from their homeland, and it made them sad and depressed. Also they could only take a couple things. They had to leave everything else behind. Everyone was very upset and they did not understand why they had to leave their homeland. It was not fair at all for the government to force them out of their homeland because they did nothing bad or wrong to earn it! I do not understand why they had to move when they did not do anything. They had to leave most of their belongings behind, and live on without it. As you can see in the map, they moved a lot on their journey. All of the red lines with arrows are the routes that they took during the Indian Removal Act.
Trail of Tears Picture: http://www-tc.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/images/4tear4...
Indian Removal Act Map: http://mrmartinelle.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/un...
George Washington Picture: http://s3.amazonaws.com/mtv-main-assets/files/call...
Cherokee Marching Picture: http://el-diablo.weebly.com/uploads/4/4/6/5/446574...
George Washington Info: http://www.biography.com/people/george-washington-...
Gold Rush picture: http://static6.businessinsider.com/image/52cec9cf6...
8. The Federalist Era
9. The Jefferson Era
10. Growth and Expansion
11. The Jackson Era
12. Manifest Destiny