Industrial Revolution

Joe Krenek, Daniel Storie, Izzy Andrew

Old Domestic System

- The domestic system was a method of production that was before the shift to industrialism in Europe from the 17th century Industrial Revolution. -Merchants sent raw materials to rural workers who produced goods from those materials, usually in their homes.- The workers then gave the finished goods to the merchants in exchange for payment.

Factory System

-system of manufacturing that began in the 18th century

-based on the concentration of industries into large establishments -replaced the domestic system

-The factory system also increased worker productivity-the system reduced the transportation cost that came with the putting

-out system (workers producing goods in their homes)

-aided in the production of a standardized product.

Wages (working conditions)

-14-16 hours a day

-six days a week
-$1.25/day for unskilled workers
-$3/day for skilled workers
-women and children received one-third of these prices
-lowered cost for owners and labor market was over saturated

Manager Role (working conditions)

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Working conditions

-dark

-only light source was natural light
-few windows
-dangerous machines
-unprotected parts (exposed)
-many machines being operated by few workers
-close together
-few break times (usually 1-hour break)
-dusty and dirty
-leads to lung diseases
-children have a lack of education, physical activity, and sunlight
-leads to physical problems
-deformities in bones, legs, etc.
-shorter than average people

Effects of Urbanization

-Industrialization was essentially the cause of Urbanization

-the increase of factories and minimum wage jobs

-People needed to move closer to where they worked.

-people created communities around these factories

-creating the first modern cities also called "Industrial Cities".

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