Joe Krenek, Daniel Storie, Izzy Andrew
Old Domestic System
- The domestic system was a method of production that was before the shift to industrialism in Europe from the 17th century Industrial Revolution. -Merchants sent raw materials to rural workers who produced goods from those materials, usually in their homes.- The workers then gave the finished goods to the merchants in exchange for payment.
-system of manufacturing that began in the 18th century
-based on the concentration of industries into large establishments -replaced the domestic system
-The factory system also increased worker productivity-the system reduced the transportation cost that came with the putting
-out system (workers producing goods in their homes)
-aided in the production of a standardized product.
Wages (working conditions)
-14-16 hours a day
-six days a week
-$1.25/day for unskilled workers
-$3/day for skilled workers
-women and children received one-third of these prices
-lowered cost for owners and labor market was over saturated
Manager Role (working conditions)
-only light source was natural light
-unprotected parts (exposed)
-many machines being operated by few workers
-few break times (usually 1-hour break)
-dusty and dirty
-leads to lung diseases
-children have a lack of education, physical activity, and sunlight
-leads to physical problems
-deformities in bones, legs, etc.
-shorter than average people
Effects of Urbanization
-Industrialization was essentially the cause of Urbanization
-the increase of factories and minimum wage jobs
-People needed to move closer to where they worked.
-people created communities around these factories
-creating the first modern cities also called "Industrial Cities".