Cholesterol

what is an LDL?

LDL is a lipoprotein that results in high levels of cholesterol

what is an HDL?

HDL is a high density lipoprotein that absorbs cholesterol

How Do LDL and HDL differ structurally and functionally?

LDL

-carries cholesterol to different parts of the body.

-larger than HDL

HDL

-takes the "bad" cholesterol out of your blood

- keeps it from building up in arteries.

-smaller than LDL

why do doctors monitor the concentration?

They are used to help evaluate the patients risk of heart disease

How are HDL and LDL associated with the risk for heart disease?

plaque build up on the walls from LDL can lead to heart diseases

HDL just lowers the risk of heart disease. the higher HDL the better

What other molecules are monitored in a persons blood?

triglycerides
- blood sugar level

- total cholesterol

what do the results of a cholesterol test mean?

It means keeps you aware of the risks you could have of having a heart attack or stroke

what can a patient do to change their HDL and LDL levels?

-Healthy diet

-Limit saturated fat intake

-Physical activity

How do intake of fats affect cholesterol levels and overall health?

-Raises LDL

-Trans fats stick to blood vessels and can cause heart attacks

-Monounsaturated fats can lower LDL levels

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