Water Water Everywhere!

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By: Jessica Richenberg

7 essential functions:

Moisture: Water keeps us hydrated and helps things such as the eyes and mouth to maintain their functions properly.  

Protection: Water acts as a cushion between bones and helps keep our bones and joints healthy.

Wastes: Water helps move and eliminate harmful products from our bodies.

Digestive: Water helps break down foods and is an agent when it comes to absorbing vital nutrients in the body for later use.

Balance: Without water, or the lack of water intake, this will cause an offset within the whole body. It will cause all bodily functions, most that depend on water, to work abnormally and can lead to complications and problems.

Movement: Water acts as a cushion around joints to help allow for flexibility, helps fight against arthritis.

regulation: Water is important when it comes to keeping the proper internal temperature along with homeostasis.

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Water Percentages:

Males: 60%

Females: 55%

Adults: around 60%

Children: new born 78%, then drops to 65%

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-Babies hold the highest percentages of water in their bodies, because as we get older, our bodies tend to "dry" out. By the time a baby turns one year old, they loose on average ten percent of of water index, continuing throughout their lifetime, resulting in around 50% when they are elderly.

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Top 5: Brain, Kidneys, Heart, Lungs, Liver

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Why?: These organs contain the most water due to their functions and they need the moisture to stay lubricated to perform properly.

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Daily Intake:

People should drink on average around half a gallon of water per day give or take depending on the type of diet they consume. Some food are also high in water which will help the daily intake.

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Specific Heat:

-the amount of calories (heat) required to raise the temperature of water by one unit degree

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- This benefits our body because it helps maintain our internal temperatures. Furthermore, it helps act as an insulator when exposed to different environments.

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-the average human can only survive a total of 3 days without water

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-Systems affected first: cardiovascular, urinary, and digestive

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Water v. Body Fat:

- Because fat does not hold as much water as muscle can, as fat increases the amount of water you obtain decreases. This is an example of an inverse relationship.

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Dehydration: when the body looses more essential salts and water than it can replace, caused my many different ways: sickness, sweating, etc.

Symptoms: cramping, weakness, flushed face, etc. severe causes can lead to fainting, heart failure, trouble breathing, etc

Dangers: If not taken care of properly, it can lead to death, comas, electrolyte abnormalities

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