1920s - Present

☛ Surrealism focuses on real objects, such as clocks, to symbolize certain meanings. So for example, a broken clock could represent death, or lack of time.

☛ Surrealism is sometimes called "The Poetry of Painting". Why? Although all the objects you see in the painting are clear and distinctive, they all represent cryptic and often contemplative meanings. Take the ladder up in the painting there for example. It is very clear it IS  a ladder, but its purpose, intention or meaning is never explicitly stated.

☛ "Grattage" is a technique often used by Surrealists. Paint or any other medium is scraped hard against a textured surface to create a unique effect. An example of this can be using rough, patterned shells as the surface, while brushing paint against it.

☛ Frida Kahlo, one of the most important Surrealists and the painter of the artwork above, often used herself as the subject of her paintings. She described it as putting herself in her own dreams. In the painting above, "Frida Kahlo without Hope", she shows herself sick and weary, and near death. This shows her views on chronic illness and the pain and suffering of dying alone.

☛ Kahlo often showed her Mexican heritage through her paintings; she also used symbolism to show her real-life experiences, such as her several miscarriages and medical operations.

☛ Surrealism is often noted as the artistic form of Symbolism, as it places importance around giving ordinary things a more abstract, deep meaning.

Artwork used: "Frida Kahlo without Hope", 1945, by Frida Kahlo

[By Sophia Cruz, other artforms by Rendell Uy and/or Monika del Rosario if stated otherwise]