Ghana - National Issues in 2030
Ghana is the 12th most populous African nation, with a rich history going back to the days of the slave trade, involving eventual British colonization, and British rule for a half century before eventual independence, and exponential population and economic growth starting in 1957.
It's population is 27 million, it is the 12th most populous African nation and 45th most populous. It occupies an area of 238,535 km squared (41 times smaller than Canada). English is primarily spoken (67.1% of people) despite being surrounded by only French-speaking nations in Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Togo. They are ranked 70th worldwide in GDP, but 126th in GDP per capita.
Current National Issues
Ghana, like many other great African nations, struggles with problems within its own government in the form of corruption, providing adequate healthcare, and providing a good education at a level. As its own infrastructure develops along with the rest of Africa, and with the help of the rest of the world, it can grow as a country.
Ghana has encountered problems with corruption throughout history but it was notably bad from 2005-2015. With the new availability of information via the internet and the new globalized world, people were able to discover things about government officials regarding corruption and do things about ousting them from their government position. While it still exists, corruption in the country is much less. There still remain government officials acting only to better their own personal situations, taking bribes and not accomplishing things in government. The situation has definitely improved in recent years with other UN countries recognizing the problem and stepping in to help. think it is a new phenomenon in the country and that this has all started recently; this is not the case. Through continued freedom of speech and continued public exposure, the corruption has been continuously exposed and rooted out and to a degree, eliminated. Corruption has always been a huge issue in Ghana, even before it came to light in the early 2000's. Now in 2030, government has been relatively cleansed of the corruption with changing norms and outside help from other UN countries in a joint effort to eradicate corruption in many African countries. As well as this joint effort, corruption was flushed out in part due to society. Increasing education quality as non-corrupt government individuals work to enhance education in the country means that the general public is more educated and more able to deal with government officials taking advantage of them. As the effort continues to stop corruption, education, health care, and other areas of government will thrive and grow.
Health and Healthcare
A continuing issue in Ghana is the current state of the public health and healthcare system. The country has improved drastically with the help of UN member nations and their support. Organizations like the Red Cross and Doctors without Borders helped to slow the spread of Malaria. The Millennium Development Goals (MDG), from the 2000 UN Millennium Declaration have mostly been achieved. The situations regarding extreme poverty, hunger, education have all been steadily improving. The situation regarding maternal mortality and infant mortality, both of which were worsening 15 years ago, have switched around entirely and are now also improving. The country maintains issues with HIV/AIDS and that's a continuing problem that can be hard to deal with as a perfect treatment has still not been identified. The situation will continue to improve as the country continues to grow and infrastructure does along with it. A new issue that arises as public health gradually improves is how people will afford it. Healthcare in Ghana is still an expensive luxury that is not easily afforded by the average-income Ghanaian. Often when needing operations or other medical procedures, people are forced to pay out of pocket which is also not affordable. The country will have to adopt a new form of healthcare. It will have to decide if it wants to try the universal health care system in much of Europe and in Canada, if it wants to try a two-tier system like in the UK, or if it wants to try a private-run, corporate/capitalism focused system like America's.
Education in Ghana was at an all-time low compared to other countries around the world in 2015. They were dead last out of the 76 listed countries as ranked by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Since then they've improved drastically on this scale. They've moved up over 15 spots, passing many other African countries as well as some European and Asian countries. This drastic improvement is, I think, directly attributable to the conscious efforts made to fight corruption in the country. With the productivity in government increased, with people actually working to make the country a better place instead of furthering their own interests, the country has flourished in the past 15 years. Exponential economic growth has brought their ranking (as far as GDP per capita goes), essentially in line with their current economic value/ranking in total GDP as a country. Before, income was not distributed efficiently - many people were below the poverty line and there were fewer above it, but those above it were usually way above it. The income distribution in the country has started to even out, a positive look for the country. Increased funding for health care has allowed more people to remain healthy and the country is made more productive. Increased funding for education has enhanced the teaching quality, more schools are being built, more people being introduced to school, and more people wanting to graduate and go further, sometimes to post-secondary school. This is a further example of how so much was wrong with the country when corruption was widespread in government and it reinforces the UN initiative. The changes to the school system, and really the whole country, are revolutionary and there's a lot of hope for Ghana.
Ghana in 2030
Modern day Ghana is day and night from former Ghana, a country that used to trail behind most others is now a productive, efficient, and hard-working country that's comparable to some first world nations in some aspects.
Christian Council of Ghana. "COMMUNIQUE ON NATIONAL ISSUES BY THE CHRISTIAN COUNCIL OF GHANA." Meeting of the Christian Council of Ghana (n.d.): n. pag. Christian Council of Ghana, 17 Dec. 2013. Web. 7 June 2015.
Zogbenu, Mawuli. "The State of Health Insurance in Ghana." Graphic Online. Graphic Online, 20 May 2015. Web. 07 June 2015.
Ayisi, Gabriel A., Dr. "How Corruption Is Perceived in Ghana." Spy Ghana. Spy Ghana, 20 May 2015. Web. 07 June 2015.
Koampa-Ahoofe, Kwame, Ph.D. "The Rot In Ghana's Education System Did Not Begin Today." Spy Ghana. Spy Ghana, 15 May 2015. Web. 05 June 2015.