Time Period: 600-... A.D
Out of Mecca, east to India, west across North Africa, and on into Spain!
The Muslims spread their religion to other people through military conquest and trade. It took about 100 years to expand most of the Muslim Empire. They were good fighters and believed that if they died in battle, then they would go to Jihad. Their expansion to Europe ended in 732 AD during the Battle of Tours. At the Battle of Tours, the Muslims lost to Charles Martel, and his French army.
Contributions to our society:
ex.) Algebra and Trigonometry
The Muslims also preserved Greek and Roman ideas that they learned from the Byzantine Empire, and improved them.