Obstetrician and Gynecologist
- Obstetricians deal with human birth, long considered to be the most ancient medical art. Obstetricians diagnose and monitor pregnancies and tend to the health of both the fetuses and the expectant mothers. They look for -- and respond to -- any abnormal conditions during pregnancy and deliver babies. Then a pediatrician enters the picture.
- Many parents create birth plans before the big event, a written agreement with the delivering obstetrician about what kind of birth they'd like to have. Some choose a minimal amount of drugs or no painkiller at all. Some want the company of a husband, friend, sister or midwife. It's an agreement on how things will go before the hard work really begins.
- OB/GYNs will be in demand as the female side of the baby boom population hits menopause.
But take into account the burdens of carrying malpractice insurance and shrinking payments from HMOs and other managed care facilities. Some say the financial rewards of obstetric medicine -- and other health fields -- are diminishing.
- There's no such thing as an average working day for any physician, especially not for an OB/GYN. According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH), more than a third of all physicians work at least 60 hours a week. And since they're sometimes on call, the hours can change daily.
- SKILLS YOU NEED
- Reading comprehension – medium (Level 5)
- Active listening – medium (Level 5)
- Writing – medium (level 5)
- Speaking – medium (level 5)
- Science – medium (Level 5)
- Critical thinking – high (level 6)
- Active learning – medium (Level 5)
- Learning strategies – medium (Level 4)
- Monitoring – medium (level 5)
- These skills are necessary but not as important:
- Mathematics – low (Level 2)Transferable SkillsHere's a list of skills used in this career that are also used in other careers.
- Transferable Skills
High level of skill required
- Diagnosing diseases and disorders
- Giving health care instructions
- Giving injections, drugs, and other medications
- Investigating data to solve problems
- Managing and directing people and programs
- Observing and analyzing physical problems
- Planning health care treatments
- Treating physical or mental problems
- Using medical or dental instruments to treat patients
- Working as a member of a health services team
- WHAT TO LEARN
This Career Cluster Plan of Study (based on the Health Science Career Cluster) can serve as a guide, along with other career planning materials, as learners continue on a career path. Courses listed within this plan are only recommended coursework and should be individualized to meet each learner's educational and career goals. *This Plan of Study, used for learners at an educational institution, should be customized with course titles and appropriate high school graduation requirements as well as college entrance requirements.
- Education Level
- Education LevelEducation training and experience are required at different levels for success in different occupations.
First professional degreeFormal education and training requirements for physicians are among the most demanding of any occupation: four years of undergraduate school, four years of medical school, and three to eight years of internship and residency, depending on the specialty selected. A few medical schools offer combined undergraduate and medical school programs that last six rather than the customary eight years. Following medical school, almost all M.D.s enter a residency - graduate medical education in a specialty that takes the form of paid on-the-job training, usually in a hospital. Most D.O.s serve a 12-month rotating internship after graduation and before entering a residency, which may last 2 to 6 years. All States, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories license physicians. All states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories license physicians. To be licensed, physicians must graduate from an accredited medical school, pass a licensing examination, and complete one to seven years of graduate medical education. M.D.s and D.O.s seeking board certification in a specialty may spend up to 7 years in residency training, depending on the specialty. A final examination immediately after residency or after 1 or 2 years of practice also is necessary for certification by a member board of the American Board of Medical Specialists (ABMS) or the American Osteopathic Association (AOA). For certification in a subspecialty, physicians usually need another 1 to 2 years of residency.
- MONEY AND OUTLOOK
- North Carolina EarningsAverage Annual Wage$213,250Entry Annual Wage$111,010Average Hourly Wage$102.53Entry Hourly Wage$53.37
- Treats sick or injured animals by prescribing medication, setting bones, dressing wounds, or performing surgery.
- Inoculates animals against various diseases such as rabies or distemper.
- Counsels clients about the deaths of their pets or about euthanasia decisions for their pets.
- Advises animal owners regarding sanitary measures, feeding, general care, medical conditions, or treatment options.
- Establishes or conducts quarantine or testing procedures that prevent the spread of diseases to other animals or to humans and that comply with applicable government regulations.
- Refers patients to medical specialists or other practitioners when necessary.
- Operates on patients to correct deformities, repairs injuries, prevents and treats diseases, or improves or restores patients' functions.
- Analyzes patient's medical history, medication allergies, physical condition, and examinations results to verify operation's necessity and to determine best procedure.
- Provides consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons.