Fact Sheet:

Food Allergies

A food allergy happens when the immune system mistakenly targets a harmless food protein as a threat and attacks it. The most common food allergies are peanuts, tree nuts, soy, eggs, milk, wheat, fish and shell fish.

There are 4 different ways to test for a food allergy, they can be tested through a oral test, skin prick, diet elimination, and a blood test. Once determined symptoms that may occur due to allergic reaction may be: itching/swelling inside the mouth, hives, trouble breathing, blood pressure dropping, vomiting and diarrhea. When symptoms go from mild to severe and become life threatening it is called anaphylaxis. For anaphylaxis doctors would prescribe their patients epinephrine (comes as a auto-injector).

It was reported that back in  2012 4.1 million children was reported to have had food allergies. In 2013 CDC released that food allergies has risen 50% between 1997-2011. Each year in the United States 30,000 people are sent to the hospital due to allergic reaction to food. About 15% of people in the US believe they have food allergies compared to the 4% that has actually been diagnosed with it.

Laws :

The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) was passed by Congress to ensure that there would be clearer labeling of food for the millions of people with food allergies. As of January 01, 2006, all food products regulated by the FDA must be labeled in a specific way to identify the eight major food allergens. FALCPA Law does NOT cover fresh fruits and vegetables and highly refined oils.

Get Yourself Educated...For More Information Check These Following Sites & Books:

Food Allergies and Food Intolerance: The Complete Guide to Their Identification and Treatment by Jonathan Brostoff and Linda Gamlin

(For Children) Allergic Like Me by Michelle Meyer-Devlin

http://www.foodallergy.org/

http://www.worldallergy.org/public/allergic_diseas...

For Parents with children they has a food allergy here's a cookbook:

The Whole Foods Allergy Cookbook: Two Hundred Gourmet & Homestyle Recipes for the Food Allergic Family by: Cybele Pascal

Citations:

Allergy Statistics | AAAAI. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2015, from http://www.aaaai.org/about-the-aaaai/newsroom/all...

Allergy Statistics and Allergy Facts (n.d). Retrieved February 8, 2015, from

http://www.webmd.com/allergies/allergy-statistics

Diagnosis & Testing - Food Allergy Research & Education. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2015, from http://www.foodallergy.org/diagnosis-and-testing

Food Allergy: MedlinePlus. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2015, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/foodallergy.ht...

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