Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA)
Also known as the IRA
The Continuity Irish Republican Army or Continuity IRA (CIRA) is an Irish republican paramilitary group that aims to unite Ireland. It emerged from a split in the Provisional IRA in 1986 but did not become active until the Provisional IRA ceasefire of 1994. It is an illegal organisation in the Republic of Ireland and is designated a terrorist organisation in the United Kingdom, New Zealand and the United States. It has links with the political party Republican Sinn Féin (RSF). There are 50 or less "hard-core" operatives and fewer than 200 members in total. There is no continuous groups of people who are involved, many of the members are people who believe in what they're fighting for.The CIRA is an illegal organisation under UK and Irish law due to the use of 'IRA' in the group's name in a situation analogous to that of the Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA).Membership of the organisation is punishable by a sentence of up to ten years imprisonment under UK law.On May 31st, 2001 Dermot Gannon became first person to be convicted of membership of the CIRA solely on the word of the chief superintendent. On July 13th 2004, the US government designated the CIRA as a 'Foreign Terrorist Organization' (FTO).This made it illegal for Americans to provide material support to the CIRA, requires US financial institutions to block the group's assets and denies alleged CIRA members visas into the US. Although these laws were put in place, many believe there is still US contacting the CIRA .This group has targeted the security forces in gun attacks and bombings, as well as with grenades, mortars and rockets. The CIRA has also carried out bombings with the goal of causing economic harm and/or disruption, as well as many punishment attacks on alleged criminals.