Apollo Space Missions
The Apollo Space Program was a series of manned and unmanned missions to make lunar observation, test new flight strategies, and to do many other different things...
...Such as to...
- create new technology to reach points in space
- beat other countries in missions in space
- develop abilities to work in space (for man)
- carry out a scientific lunar exploraation
There were a total of 6 unmanned test flights, and 11 manned flights in the Apollo Program. Apollo 7 was the first manned flight after:
... which were all unmanned test flights after the unexpected tragedy on the launch pad for Apollo One.
Apollo One was a very tragic incident that begun and ended on the launch pad. The three members aboard the ship at the time all perished in a fire
Apollo 7 was the first manned mission in the Apollo Space program.
To verify/demonstrate the command service module, crew strength, the vehicle itself, and mission support during a manned mission.
This was the second manned mission, and the first flight using a Saturn Launch Vehicle. Many flights in the Apollo Program used a Saturn Launch Vehicle after this one.
Launched December 21st, at 7:51am, Apollo 8 was an overall successful mission by completing it's objective of orbiting the moon once and making it back. This was the first missions ever to do this.
This ten-day mission was meant to make the lunar module better based on the conditions in space, and to test new functions for space travel.
All main mission objectives wee met, and all three crew members returned to earth safely.
The fourth manned mission, Apollo 10 was also the first missions to carry a functional lunar module with it, unlike Apollo 8.
Apollo 10 was a success. It got closer to the moon than any other previous Apollo Mission, and it prepared for...
The objective of this mission was to safely land two men on the moon, and return (safely) back to Earth.
Video of First Moon Landing
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin made our country proud by being the first men on the moon ever. Apollo 11 was the most successful mission, because the US also beat the Soviet Union in the Space Race because of this.
This mission was a return to the moon, and it was a success taking three crew members to the moon, and returning with three crew members aboard.
This mission was planned as an follow-up return to the moon
...but once aboard the ship, the oxygen tank exploded as the astronauts were trying to stir it.
Due to this, a chain effect of things went wrong aboard the Odyssey (the name of the command module) Temperatures went below freezing in the cabin because the astronauts needed to conserve energy
Despite all the obstacles, the astronauts made it back to earth in "good condition." This missions was so interesting that a movie was made on it. It came out in 1995.
Clip from Apollo 13
watch from 0:10-1:23
This mission was another return to the moon, this time in the Fra Mauro highlands where they gathered more lunar samples.
This was an overall successful mission (yay!) Stuart A. Roosa, Alan B. Shepard, Jr., and Edgar D. Mitchel (prime crew) all returned to earth safely.
This mission was another return to the moon, but this time, for a longer period of time.
The objective of this mission was simple>>>perform geological inspection, and sampling of materials of surface features in a specific area moon, and to excecute lunar experiments to learn about the moon.
Apollo 17 was the final mission of the United States' Apollo lunar landing program, and was the sixth and last landing of humans on the Moon, this time in the Taurus-Littrow highlands and valley area.
Eugene A. Cernan
Harrison H. Schmitt
Lunar Module Pilot
Ronald E. Evans
Command Module Pilot
Overall the Apollo Missions were very successful, and NASA is proud to call it one of their best. Although there were a few bumps, they still landed someone on the moon-more than once- and gathered information that we wouldn't know about if this hadn't happened.
"The Apollo Program (1963 - 1972)." The Apollo Program (1963 - 1972). N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/apollo.html>.
"Apollo." Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2014. <http://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/>.
"Apollo 8." NASA-NSSDC. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. <http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/>.
"Apollo Missions." NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014. <http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/#.UzRjXaX5eJc>.
Sources for Pictures:
"Poor Attitude Cost Apollo 7 Crew Rightful Recognition and Perhaps Trip To The Moon." N.p., n.d. Web. <http://symonsez.wordpress.com/poor-attitude-cost-apollo-7-crew-rightful-recognition-and-perhaps-trip-to-the-moon>.
"Apollo 1: The Fire That Shocked NASA." Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014. <http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2012/01/27/apollo-1-the-fire-that-shocked-nasa/>.
"That's One Small Step for a Man, One Giant Leap for Mankind. Neil Armstrong, 1969."GetFrank.co.nz. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014. <http://www.chelsey.co.nz/quotes/classic-quotes/thats-one-small-step-for-a-man-one-giant-leap-for-mankind-neil-armstrong-1969>.
"The Apollo Missions." Apollo & Skylab. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. <http://www.hq.nasa.gov/pao/History/apollo/welcome.html>.
Videos and Links
"Houston, We Have a Problem." MOVIECLIPS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2014. <http://movieclips.com/nVHAP-apollo-13-movie-houston-we-have-a-problem/10.03/107.86>.