Sara's expedition in the
United States
MCMXCVIII-MMXV

Although seventeen years have elapsed and the United States has  succeeded in the continuity of economics and America's role in the world by achieving greater technological advances as well as changing political polices  with central American countries, the past seventeen years have fostered change to a greater extent in politics and culture. There was a greater change in the United States caused by American immigration policies, racial profiling and prejudice towards race; the amount immigrant children in the United States caused aide to be supplied to them, the amount of undocumented Hispanics living the United States has called for anti-immigrant laws, and colored people seem to be living in prejudice.

America in the world

Document A

Congress’s Poison-Pen Letter to Iran

"Forty-seven senators, all of them Republicans, have sent a letter to that might be summarized this way: Dear Iran, Please don’t agree to halt your nuclear-weapons program, because we don’t like Barack Obama and, anyway, he’ll be gone soon. That may be shorthand, but it is not an exaggeration of either the tone or the intent of the letter...The signature drive was organized by Senator Tom Cotton...The letter opens, “It has come to our attention while observing your nuclear negotiations with our government that you may not fully understand our constitutional system.” As the letter writers tell it, “The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen, and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time.” It is a bit more complicated than that: Presidents can make commitments that are difficult to get out of (unless one wants to provoke a crisis), and Congress, instead of just being able to merrily modify, has to deal with things like vetoes. What is more extraordinary is the intent behind this tinny civics lesson—to tell a foreign power, one with which the United States is at odds, not to listen to the American President...The Iranians have been watching us pretty closely, through coups and revolutions and wars and hostage negotiations and the imposition of sanctions..."

Historical context

Currently in 2015, the United States is encountering serious problematic issues with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). American citizens view them as a serious threat regarding  our national security.  

Point of View

The author Amy Davidson is very disappointed and annoyed with the fact that the Republicans wrote this letter to Iran. She is very much on Barack Obama's side, the Democratic side, and thinks that the correct and rational decision here is to halt the nuclear weapon program. For the safety of our nation and security.

Reflection

The article "Congress’s Poison-Pen Letter to Iran" reflects the thematic objective America in the World (WOR-8). Terrorism, ISIS has created fear amongst the United States population and deep concerns with their national security. Therefore many Americans do not want any problems with ISIS, since that fear of terrorism from 9/11 has been created. A United States foreign policy goal is to promote world peace and a secure global environment. A historian might find this source significant in the future because if any war tends to brake out between the United States and ISIS they know that Barack Obama had advised ISIS to stop the construction of the nuclear weapon. The source also displays the tension between the United States and ISIS because the United States needs them to stop the build of their weapon because they sense a foreboding aftermath of this weapon, that would most likely be used against the United States.  

Culture

Document B

Source: Relevant, October, 2014

"Review: Dear White People"/Serial: Magazine/Culture/High School

http://www.relevantmagazine.com/culture/film/revie...

Review: Dear White People
"
It’s impossible to watch Dear White People without interpreting the film through the lens of personal experience, along with the current state of the nation...It takes a unique movie to force the viewer to really connect what they saw on screen to the world outside the movie theater...While the film is most obviously about race and higher education, it also stands alone as a touching story about navigating the turbulent waters of young adulthood...Set on the campus of the fictional Winchester University, the opening scenes show the aftermath of a “black themed” Halloween party, complete with every negative stereotype about African-American culture from the past 20 years...While the film is most obviously about race and higher education, it also stands alone as a touching story about navigating the turbulent waters of young adulthood, and answering the questions “who am I?” “What will my life be about?” and “who will I align myself with.”...The story stumbles a bit when every character becomes a little too selfish and egotistical to be believable, and the twist in the final act is a bit thin. But you can’t help but leave the theater thinking about how far we've really come as a nation on issues of race, and what it takes to change established institutions that still quietly conceal racism just below the surface."

Historical Context
Although slavery ended in 1865 that does mean that racism and prejudice has, it is the  21st century and Americans are witnesses of the stereotypes that exist towards color people. Many Americans claim that racism isn't alive, it is not here and does not exist, however the evidence of racism being alive can be seen through social discomfort caused in society.

Point of View
The review made my Relevant magazine makes it clear that they thought that the message of the movie was well executed. Finally, a film has been made that allows Americans to connect to a fictional film, and bring to the attention of others the reality of what is occurring, not only at college campuses but in colored people's everyday life.

Reflection
The review made by Relevant magazine reflects the thematic theme culture because it shows how racism is not an underlying issue like we all think. Prejudice does not only exist towards blacks but as well as Hispanics and other colored races, people who view this review will be able to draw the conclusion that others struggle to find their self-identity. As well as make other individuals set up and do something about racism, the last line basically says that if you're not a part of the solution you are a part of the problem. The review its self also has an impact on American politics because it arises questions. When a certain race executes an action or an event it may offend another race,  the minority may take it as being stereotypical or racist. Does that mean that the white people have committed a crime or is this action covered under the  Freedom of Speech? Prejudice and stereotypes towards colored people are around and they are causing discomfort in our society, Americans especially colored people are not able to live the life they want to, being too afraid to be judged by society; being too afraid to follow a stereotype, up to the point they deny their own race. Therefore the review allows society to let the question of self-identity arise in their minds. This review may be significant in the future because it will show historians if the tension between colored and non-colored still exist, how even in the 21st century individuals were still struggling to overcome their fears, and live their will with out any discomfort.

America in the World

Document C

Source: The White House, December, 2014

"Statement by the President on Cuba Policy Changes

"/Serial: Speech/America in the World/High School

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/1...

(Source:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9avfaEx1gWo)

Statement by the President on Cuba Policy Changes
  "THE PRESIDENT: Good afternoon. Today, the United States of America is changing its relationship with the people of Cuba...we will end an outdated approach that...and instead we will begin to normalize relations between our two countries. Through these changes, we intend to create more opportunities for the American and Cuban people, and begin a new chapter among the nations of the Americas...We are separated by just over 90 miles. But year after year, an ideological and economic barrier hardened between our two countries... re-examine our Cuba policy. As a start, we lifted restrictions for Cuban Americans to travel and send remittances to their families in Cuba...Cuban Americans have been reunited with their families, and are the best possible ambassadors for our values...Thank you. God bless you and God bless the United States of America."

Historical context

Currently in 2015 we have some access to Cuba, however not much, many fear that by lifting this embargo it will harm American business because we would now be receiving Cuban commerce. The tension between the United States and Cuba still exists since 1960, this embargo hasn't allowed American business to establish in Cuba, closing  doors.

Point of View
The president of the United States, believes that by lifting the embargo Cuba will allow a ton of new opportunities for American business. Of course, there has been already been some lift of the Cuban embargo because families have been able to reunite but more needs to be done to neutralize our relationship with Cuba.    

Reflection

The speech "Statement by the President on Cuba Policy Changes" reflects the thematic objective America in the World (WOR-8). Over the years the Unites State citizens would rather set aside any resentment towards Cuba and have a neutralized relationship, thus causing a change in the Cuba Embargo. Before 2008, when America allowed American citizens to visit their family members in Cuba, America's goal was to avoid any friendly commerce negotiations.  Now the Unites States of America wants to open trade with Cuba and allow American businesses to expand.

Politics and Power

Document D

Source:Department of Youth and Community Development, June, 2012

"Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals"

/Serial: Commercial/Politics and Power/Middle School

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8O6Kmfw1xRM

Historical Context

In 2012 immigrant unable to work or attend college in the United States of America because they are illegally living here and if they find a job they are at risk for being deported.

Intended Audience

The intended audience are children of immigrant parents or young adults who were not born in the United States and wish to work or go attend college.

Reflection

The commercial regarding DACA reflects politics and power because it deals with American ideals like citizenship. Although DACA does not grant you a green card or American citizenship it does enable immigrants to legally work without getting deported. Many U.S. citizens may find this bothersome because that means that immigrants will be replacing them in the work force, thus creating ideological clashes. Historians may find this commercial regarding DACA in the future significant because it may explain why there is an increase in the immigrant population. Since more doors are opening up for immigrants it increases the number of undocumented individuals in the the United States.

Poltics and Power

Document E

Source:Eric Lightborns Blog, June, 2010

"Arizona Protest Images & Immigration Cartoons"/Serial: Political Cartoon /Politics and Power/Middle School

https://ericlightborn.wordpress.com/tag/1-million-...

(Source:https://ericlightborn.wordpress.com/tag/1-million-strong-against-az-sb-1070/)

Historical Context

During 2010 there was a crisis with the amount of illegal Hispanics in the south west parts of the United States and other growing issues. Therefore causing Arizona to pass a law stating that the law enforcement has the given right to stop anyone who looks suspicious of being an illegal.

Point of View

The political cartoon in the illustrates two Arizona police man pulling over what seems to be a Hispanic man. They are racially profiling this man because the only reason he is being stopped is due to the color of his skin. The author finds this absurd because that is not a valid reason to just target a person due to their race;they do not agree with S.B. 1070.

Refection

The political cartoon demonstrating S.B. 1070 reflects politics and power because it shows a debate over not only citizenship but freedom. S.B. 1070 would have been an anti-immigrant law passed that would allow policies to determine someone's immigration status when detained, this arrest may occur when there is a reasonable suspicion of residing in the United States illegally. All of this contributed to ideological crashes since now there are anti-immigrants arguing for this law and others who hope it fails to pass. An immigrants freedom is restrained because they wouldn't go our as much because they would fear that nay day soon they may be arrested or detained. A historian may find this political cartoon significant in the future because it demonstrates the relationship between immigrants and U.S. citizen and how it may or not have become less tense.

Work, Exchange, and Technology

Document F

Source: Engadget, June, 2007

"iPhone first hands-on and unboxing"/Serial:Manufactured Items/WXT/Elementary school

http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/01/09/some-hand...

(Source:http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/01/09/some-hands-on-time-with-the-iphone/?_r=0)

Historical Context

In 2007 there was not a  gadget that included: text, email, music, WiFi, and internet, you had to buy a phone and  an Mp 3  to receive that luxury. Just buying a cell phone and an MP3 costed you around $499, but the iPhone allowed for the same price included more than just music and talking.

Intended Audience  

Behold,  the 1st generation iPhone, on one single device you are able to do a number of things. The location of this iPhone was at Mac World 2007, this phone becomes useful to Americans who need to get in contact with their family members or is always on the call for work.

Reflection

The iPhone 1st generation is a manufactured item that reflects technology because every American that ever bought the first iPhone was greatly impacted. They did not have to carry around all these items: MP3 players, cameras, or a  computer, an iPhone made it way simpler, a single device had all those devices. No matter if the person was a middle-income mother or high-income entrepreneur, they all get the same out of this new device. These  Americans are able all to make calls or send emails through the same technical device. Historians may find this manufactured item in the future significant in the future because it not only shows how much technology has advanced but how some features have stayed the same. If someone ever goes to the Mac World and sees this iPhone and has some background knowledge of how technology was in the early 2000s they will note the impact that it had on everyday lives. The way people communicated, the form  of communication, and the access of the internet had all increased.  

Culture

Document  G

Source: YouTube, November,1999

"The White Stripes- The Big Three Killed My Baby"/Serial:Music/Culture/Year after birth

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jn3n6v-e3-I

Historical Context
Although this song was published in 1999, it talks about the 50s and 60s,  when Preston Tucker a business man attempted to establish his own  automobile company. However, due to the American economy and the other big three companies (General Motors, Ford and Chrysler) caused Preston's auto business to fail.  During 1999 many songs were no longer made for political or  protest movements, so this music group sang a song that did.
Purpose
If you pay close attention to the lyrics they say "...no money in my hand again...motors runnin' on tuckers blood", The White Stripes are attempting to display the despair in small automobile companies due to the rigors competition that they couldn't out win.
Reflection
This song reflects the thematic theme culture because it shows that how through a song individuals are able to speak about the current economy and its affect on businesses. Not just that but this song speaks about how labor unions began to fail and lose their inner strength, failing as a group to fight against bigger companies. As a consequence smaller less competitive automobile companies began to fail, in this case it Tucker's automobile company. A historian may find this song significant in the future when attempting to relate it to another downfall in the economy, to see if this economic issue has the same effect on business people as it did in 1990's.  Also many songs in the 21st century are no longer made to political movements, this song motivated people to out speak about the economy and current issues like Exxon and Mobil merging in 1998.

Work, Exchange, and Technology

Document H

Source: YouTube, February, 1998

"Do the Evolution – Pearl Jam"/Serial:Music/WXT/Year of Birth
https://youtu.be/aDaOgu2CQtI



Historical Context
During 1998 Americans were receiving a great amount of exposure to new technological advances, for example: for example: Mac, MP3, Google, and VCR. As this was all coming about more and more people were getting caught up and spent more time with these new technological devices.

Point of View
Pearl Jam wants Americans to realize how they are getting becoming addicted to all this new technology, a human being will no longer be the living being with control on Earth, but technology will because it has control over humans.

Reflection

This song reflects technology because it displays how Americans were adapting to new advances, which is totally great to see revolution occur. It displays how much of an influence technological advances had on society, they were becoming addicts, musicians wrote songs to describe this shift in time. Knowing that Americans were always on their new devices also demonstrate how much they began to relay on phones and computers. Maybe the lyrics are a little bit too exaggerated but we can definitely conclude that technology was starting to become a part of their everyday routine. A historian may find this song significant in the future because they will be able to relate it to the present time today, now that most of us have a computer, cellphone, laptop, and Television, the same situation as in 1998 is occurring now, it may occur in the future again.