Argentina

Brief History

The first European to enter Argentina was an Italian navigator named Amerigo Vespucci in 1502. Buenos Aires was later founded by Pedro de Mendoza in 1536, however it was abandoned due to attacks from tribes and wasn't reestablished until 1580 by Juan de Garay. The Spaniards made Buenos Aires a free port in 1776 and caused the city to acquire greater wealth and reputation. In 1806 the British attacked and took over Buenos Aires, however they were able to break free that same year. Today's current president is Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

Citations:

information-

"Argentina: History." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

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"Argentina flag." Flag. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

Economy

Argentina suffered many economic collapses during 2001-2002 and by the had $100 billion in loans. With help from creditor nations and the International Monetary Fund Argentina was able to get back up by a

growth in exports, a reduction in unemployment, and an increase in industrial activity. In 2006 they were able to pay $10 billion ahead of schedule to the IMF. Argentina's gross domestic product was the best in Latin America, but by 2014 they received warnings that they could not afford to pay $1.3 billion in debt the country owed the IMF. This year in July Argentina neglected its debt for the second time in 13 years and is now feared they might have another economic crisis.

citations

information-

"Argentina: Country Overview." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

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"Historic photo of Buenos Aires, Argentina docks." Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

Language

Spanish is Argentina's official language. Italian is also a widely spoken language. Since both languages are fairly similar Italian and Spanish speakers can understand each other very well. Other common languages include Arabic and German. French is also spoken by well educated Argentines.

citations:

information-

Gritzner, Charles F. "Argentina: People." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

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"Argentine gauchos." Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

Food

Argentina's most popular dishes revolve around beef, since it's widely produced there. Parilla Criolla is a dish that includes several cuts of beef and different sausages. Another popular dish is Puchero which is a beef stew that includes a variety of vegetables. In the coastal cities the influence of Italians has made pasta a popular dish as well, it is served with different Italian cream sauces. Common vegetables are eggplant, squash, and chard they are mostly prepared in tarts. Most popular desserts are empanadas and alfajores danubio which is a cookie-like cake filled with dulce de leche.

citations:

information-

"Argentina: Food and Holidays." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

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"Argentinian dish bife de chorizo." Photos/Illustrations. Shutterstock. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.

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