All Them Asian Civilizations
The guide to the basic knowledge and understanding of the Ancient Asian dynasties and civilizations, generously presented by, Me.
The Earliest Dynasties
The earliest known dynasty of East Asia is the Xia Dynasty. What we currently know about this dynasty is based off of ancient texts known as the Bamboo Annals, Classic of History, and Records of the Grand Historian. This dynasty was followed by many other such as the dynasties mention in the below video. Soon after these dynasties came a period called the "Age of disunity" because six dynasties existed simultaneously.
The Sui Dynasty
Immediately following this period of disunity came the short lived, Sui Dynasty, whose capital was Chang'an. The Sui Dynasty was founded by a man named Wendi who was appointed as the first emperor.Wendi was a very fair ruler who unified his empire with a balanced, centralized government and reformed the bureaucracy. He also continued his hard work by creating a policy that provided all men with land to ensure their availability of grain. Wendi later had a son, Yang Di, who took over but was soon afterwards, assassinated.
The Tang Dynasty was started by Tai Zong, who was a relatively good leader but relied on other ministers to govern for him. He lead many military conquests to grow the empire. Tai Zong also built schools to prepare children for the civil service exams. After the death of Tai Zong, Wu Zhong took over. Although Wu Zhong was a woman and had to rule through her son. Wu Zhong is the only woman on record to have held the title of emperor. Soon after her reign followed Xuan Zong, who brought great unity and prosperity within his lifetime. The Tang Dynasty succeeded in replacing the Sui, while growing the empire and perfecting roadways.
The Song Dynasty was an age of culture and philosophy, as Confucianism and Buddhism grew much more popular. The Song Dynasty also developed a class system lead by wealthy land owners and elites. The Song also brought about the pagoda that you might recognize as the building at the finish line in the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. This dynasty was founded by Zhao Kuang Yin and ended with Zhao Bing. The Song was also a period of poetry and birth much cultural diffusion.
Ahhh, the Mongols, the fierce ruthless killers of the Eastern Asian Steppe. They are most commonly known for being the worlds best fighters and archers. The mongols originated in Mongolia near the Pacific on the Eastern Asian Steppe. Eventually, they began to move across Asia and further westward up until the Atlantic. The Mongols were lead originally by a series of leaders known as the Khans, while the most popularly known is Genghis Khan. The Mongols were known for their horrible stench, as they wouldn't bathe unless it was in urine. They would sneak into a field of a village and set up camp over night, so that in the morning, the enemy would wake to a horrible stink which told them who was there.
After the division of the Mongolian Empire, A Mongolian leader, Kublai Khan, began a separate empire which he gave a Chinese name, Yuan. He also renamed himself as, Great Khan, and began to infuse Chinese and Mongolian culture and architecture to ensure that all of the civilians felt at home. Because this Dynasty began during the Pax Mongolia, trade was safe and easy, ensuring a stable and strong economy.
The Yamato Clan was the civilization based in Japan that could take the most improved award. Yamato began as a small theocratic village which began to sprout other small villages until a couple hundred years later, they would come to be a powerful empire. The Yamato Clan brought much innovation and prestige when it came to law systems and education. Another benefit is their location, even though they didn't have a great army, the clan was protected by dangerous water, which in turn fended off the Mongols twice.
The Heian Period
The Heian period was an era that began after the Fujiwara family took over the throne. The Fujiwaras soon after taking over, destroyed any official connections with China. This is because they realized how much cultural diffusion was affecting them and that they need to stay close to their roots as a theocratic and agricultural empire. The new disconnection allowed for almost 500 years of uninterrupted peace due to common goals and beliefs among the people of japan.
The Koryo Dynasty was the beginning of the separation of Korea from the rest of Asia. This separation is defined by the distinct development of their own traditions, culture, and way of life. Eventually leading to the reign of a new leader, Korea had become much different. The founder and first leader of this empire was Wang Kon, who established the capital of Koryo, Song Do, along with demolishing and uniting the kingdoms of Silla and Paekche. Later, in 981, King Song Jong, replaced the old bureaucracy with a new aristocracy. The Koryo Dynasty, was constantly bombarded by Mongolian attacks, and later this lead to the mixing of many different cultures. These included Koryo birthing some of the ancient worlds most ornate Buddhist temples and most beautiful buildings.
This Kingdom is known to have been the first to unify South Eastern China. The Pagan Kingdom was a Theocratic civilization that lacked any harsh punishments or any taxes at all. Because of these soft conditions, the kingdoms popularity and hence the population, grew exponentially. Although the lack of taxes and laws lead to a severe deficiency of loyalty to the leaders. Eventually the Pagans disappeared due to several small wars and rebellions amongst the people.
The Khmer Empire was a powerful civilization in South East Asia, lead by the Khmer people, from 802 CE to 1431 CE. The Khmer controlled most of what today is Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, and southern Vietnam. The states capitol was the city of Angkor, and was heavily influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism, seeing as they were known to have hundreds of temples. This relatively popular civilization did very well, until surrounding forces began to band together and soon the Khmer weren't much more than a small village.
The Hoa Binh people of china eventually gave up their nomadic life style to settle in the Red River Valley. Life was rough at first, having just come back from being nomads, they were mostly hunters and the few farmers couldn't be classified as quality farmers. eventually though, the Ancient Vietnamese gained experience and memories that helped them keep close to their roots. The early tribes were actually lead by females. later as the kingdom grew, official leaders of the entire area were appointed. these rulers were known as the 18 kings of hung.