Author's Purpose

Before writing, an author decides on a reason for writing. This reason is the author's purpose.

Persuade

Writing which tries to convince readers or listeners to do something, buy something, believe something or think about something differently.

EXAMPLES

  • Commercials, Advertisement, Billboards
  • Opinions, Debates, Newspaper Editorials
  • Reviews
  • Elections, Political Ads

What To Look For (Characteristics)

  • I think that...        or      I think you would like...
  • You should try...   or      You should consider...
  • I encourage you...
  • ...would be better if you...
  • ...a better way to...

Inform

Writing that which usually teaches readers about a real person, place, thing, idea or event.

EXAMPLES

  • Documentaries/Biographies
  • Non-Fiction
  • History/Science
  • News Articles
  • Cookbooks/Food Labels
  • Tutorials

WHAT TO LOOK FOR (Characteristics)

  • Did you know...
  • Here are some facts about...
  • Charts, Diagrams, Maps, Timelines
  • Explanations of how things happen or work
  • Explanations of why things happen

Entertain

Writing which readers may find engaging, funny or sad.

EXAMPLES

  • Fairy Tales/Folktales/Fables
  • Poetry
  • Mysteries/Sci-Fi
  • Comics
  • Plays

WHAT TO LOOK FOR (Characteristics)

  • Humor, anger, sadness, frustration
  • Characters personal experiences
  • Emotional moments
  • Elements of fantasy

Explain

Writing which explains how to do something.

EXAMPLES

  • Assembly instructions
  • Automobile manuals
  • Contracts/Rental Agreements
  • "________ for Dummies" books

WHAT TO LOOK FOR (Characteristics)

  • Step-by-step instructions
  • Lists of materials
  • Command or caution words
  • Hints/Tips/FAQ